一人

Also written as: 
PopularJLPT-5

Pronunciation

The way this word is usually spoken.

The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

  • ひとり hitori
  • いちにん ichinin

Translation

Translation in English of the selected word.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

  • noun
    one person
      • esp. 一人
      • Applies only to ひとり
      alone, unmarried, solitary
        • esp. 独り

      Japanese counters

      Counting in Japanese isn't as straightforward as in English.

      In Japanese, to count things, events or actions you need to use special words called counters. The Japanese numerals cannot be used directly with a noun.. 1

      There are too many counters and you need to use a different one depending on what you want to count. Using the wrong counter is grammatically incorrect. If you are counting people, you must use the people counter, etc. Sometimes, it is acceptable to use a more generic counter when a less commonly used counter applies. 2

      Most common counters

      JapaneseUse
      To count the number of people
      To count long, cylindrical objects such as bottles or chopsticks
      To count thin objects such as paper or shirts
      To count bound objects usually books
      To count small animals like cats or dogs
      To count the age of a living creatures such as people
      To count small (often round) objects
      To count number of times
      To count number of locations
      To count any generic object that has a rare or no counter

      Counting from 1 to 10

      • Special readings appear in bold font.
      ヶ所
      1ひとりいっぽんいちまい いっさついっぴきいっさいいっこいっかいいっかしょひとつ
      2ふたりにほん にまい にさつ にひき にさい にこ にかい にかしょ ふたつ
      3さんにん さんぼんさんまい さんさつ さんびきさんさい さんこ さんかい さんかしょ みっつ
      4よにんよんほん よんまい よんさつ よんひき よんさい よんこ よんかい よんかしょ よっつ
      5ごにん ごほん ごまい ごさつ ごひき ごさい ごこ ごかい ごかしょ いつつ
      6ろくにん ろっぽんろくまい ろくさつ ろっぴきろくさい ろっころっかいろっかしょむっつ
      7しちにんななほん ななまい ななさつ ななひき ななさい ななこ ななかい ななかしょ ななつ
      8はちにん はちほん はちまい はっさつはっぴきはっさいはっこはちかい はっかしょやっつ
      9きゅうにん きゅうほん きゅうまい きゅうさつ きゅうひき きゅうさい きゅうこ きゅうかい きゅうかしょ ここのつ
      10じゅうにん じゅっぽんじゅうまい じゅっさつじゅっぴきじゅっさいじゅっこじゅっかいじゅっかしょとお

      View Wikipedia: Japanese counter word for a comprehensive list of Japanese counters.

      Kanji in this word

      Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

      Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

      • 1 strokes

        one, one radical (no.1)

      • 2 strokes

        person

      Example sentences

      Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

      We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

      • Japanese sentence

        ジョン・ウェインは今世紀の最も人気のある映画スターの1人であった。 

        Sentence analysis
        English translation

        John Wayne was one of the most popular movie stars of this century.

      • Japanese sentence

        ジムは目覚めると、自分が部屋に1人なのに気がついた。 

        Sentence analysis
        English translation

        Jim awoke and found himself alone in the room.