一人

Also written as: 
PopularJLPT-5

Pronunciation

The way this word is usually spoken.

The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

  • ひとり hitori
  • いちにん ichinin

Translation

Translation of the selected word to several languages.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

English is the main language for the translations, but some words will also be available in other languages: Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, or Swedish.

  • noun
    one person
      • esp. 一人, 1人
      • Applies only to ひとり
      being alone, being by oneself
      • see also: 
      • Applies only to ひとり
      being single, being unmarried
        • esp. 独り
        • Applies only to ひとり
        adverb
        by oneself, alone
          • Applies only to ひとり
          usually written using kana alone
          just, only, simply
            • with neg. sentence
          • single, alleenstaande, vrijgezel, vrijgezellin
            • op z'n eentje, in z'n eentje, alleen, zelf, {inform.} in zijn uppie, op eigen houtje, op zijn eigen, solo
              • niet louter en alleen ~, niet enkel ~ {in combinatie met een negatie}
                • één mens, één persoon
                  • {ritsuryō} minister ter rechterzijde, udaijin
                    • eenmans-, eenpersoons-
                      • één persoon, één iemand, eentje
                        • op z'n eentje, in z'n eentje, alleen, zelf, {inform.} in zijn uppie, op eigen houtje, op zijn eigen, solo
                          • {~…ない} niet louter en alleen …, niet enkel …
                            • une personne
                              • seul, célibataire, solitaire
                                • ein, einer, eine, eine Person, ein Mensch
                                  • alleine, für sich
                                    • alleine
                                      • nicht nur
                                        • Single, eine Person
                                          • csak, egyedül
                                            • {один} человек; один из …, один человек, один {человек}, {~{な}} один; единственный, {~で} а) один, сам; самостоятельно; б) один, одиноко
                                              • eden (en človek, ena oseba), sam
                                                • una persona
                                                  • solo, soltero, solitario
                                                    • una persona
                                                      • una persona
                                                        • solo, soltero, solitario
                                                          • una persona
                                                            • una persona
                                                              • solo, soltero, solitario
                                                                • ensam

                                                                  Japanese counters

                                                                  Counting in Japanese isn't as straightforward as in English.

                                                                  In Japanese, to count things, events or actions you need to use special words called counters. The Japanese numerals cannot be used directly with a noun.. 1

                                                                  There are too many counters and you need to use a different one depending on what you want to count. Using the wrong counter is grammatically incorrect. If you are counting people, you must use the people counter, etc. Sometimes, it is acceptable to use a more generic counter when a less commonly used counter applies. 2

                                                                  Most common counters

                                                                  JapaneseUse
                                                                  To count the number of people
                                                                  To count long, cylindrical objects such as bottles or chopsticks
                                                                  To count thin objects such as paper or shirts
                                                                  To count bound objects usually books
                                                                  To count small animals like cats or dogs
                                                                  To count the age of a living creatures such as people
                                                                  To count small (often round) objects
                                                                  To count number of times
                                                                  To count number of locations
                                                                  To count any generic object that has a rare or no counter

                                                                  Counting from 1 to 10

                                                                  • Special readings appear in bold font.
                                                                  ヶ所
                                                                  1ひとりいっぽんいちまい いっさついっぴきいっさいいっこいっかいいっかしょひとつ
                                                                  2ふたりにほん にまい にさつ にひき にさい にこ にかい にかしょ ふたつ
                                                                  3さんにん さんぼんさんまい さんさつ さんびきさんさい さんこ さんかい さんかしょ みっつ
                                                                  4よにんよんほん よんまい よんさつ よんひき よんさい よんこ よんかい よんかしょ よっつ
                                                                  5ごにん ごほん ごまい ごさつ ごひき ごさい ごこ ごかい ごかしょ いつつ
                                                                  6ろくにん ろっぽんろくまい ろくさつ ろっぴきろくさい ろっころっかいろっかしょむっつ
                                                                  7しちにんななほん ななまい ななさつ ななひき ななさい ななこ ななかい ななかしょ ななつ
                                                                  8はちにん はちほん はちまい はっさつはっぴきはっさいはっこはちかい はっかしょやっつ
                                                                  9きゅうにん きゅうほん きゅうまい きゅうさつ きゅうひき きゅうさい きゅうこ きゅうかい きゅうかしょ ここのつ
                                                                  10じゅうにん じゅっぽんじゅうまい じゅっさつじゅっぴきじゅっさいじゅっこじゅっかいじゅっかしょとお

                                                                  View Wikipedia: Japanese counter word for a comprehensive list of Japanese counters.

                                                                  Kanji in this word

                                                                  Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                                                  Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                                                  • 1 strokes

                                                                    one, one radical (no.1)

                                                                  • 2 strokes

                                                                    person

                                                                  Example sentences

                                                                  Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                                                                  The Japanese sentence, the sentence analysis, and the English translation are always included. Using the sentence analysis is possible to learn how the sentence is constructed and every single word can be examined one by one.

                                                                  In some cases translation to other languages can also be included. Quality of the translation may vary and it's included for reference only.

                                                                  • Japanese sentence

                                                                    彼はひとりになると即座にその手紙を開いた。 

                                                                    Sentence analysis
                                                                    Translation

                                                                    The moment that he was alone he opened the letter.

                                                                    Когда он был один, он вскрыл письмо.


                                                                    Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                  • Japanese sentence

                                                                    私は一人の弟がいます。 

                                                                    Sentence analysis
                                                                    Translation

                                                                    Ik heb één broer.

                                                                    I have a brother.

                                                                    J'ai un frère.

                                                                    Ich habe einen Bruder.

                                                                    Eu tenho um irmão.

                                                                    У меня есть младший брат.

                                                                    Tengo un hermano.


                                                                    Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                  • Japanese sentence

                                                                    ジムは目覚めると、自分が部屋に1人なのに気がついた。 

                                                                    Sentence analysis
                                                                    Translation

                                                                    Jim awoke and found himself alone in the room.

                                                                    Jim erwachte und fand sich allein im Zimmer.

                                                                    Джим проснулся и обнаружил, что в комнате один.


                                                                    Open in tatoeba.org