Lists of Japanese words

These are lists of basic vocabulary compiled by various people and grouped by different aspects.

Dialect

By grammatical use

adjectival nouns or quasi-adjectives (keiyodoshi)

Adjectival nouns (keiyō-dōshi) or adjectives finishing in な before they modify a noun.

adjective (keiyoushi)

Adjectives finishing in い before they modify a noun.

adjective (keiyoushi) - yoi/ii class

Special case of い(keiyoushi) adjectives that conjugate like いい/よい

adverb (fukushi)

Fukushi adverb coming from adjectives.

adverb taking the `to' particle

adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi)

archaic/formal form of na-adjective

Archaic form of a な adjective no longer used.

auxiliary

auxiliary adjective

auxiliary verb

conjunction

Word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause.

copula

Japanese copulas that would most often be translated as one of the so-called be-verbs of English.

counter

Words used along with numbers to count things, actions, and events.

expressions (phrases, clauses, etc.)

Words or phrases, used to convey an idea.

Godan verb - -aru special class

Godan verb - Iku/Yuku special class

Godan verb with `bu' ending

Godan verb with `gu' ending

Godan verb with `ku' ending

Godan verb with `mu' ending

Godan verb with `nu' ending

Godan verb with `ru' ending

Godan verb with `ru' ending (irregular verb)

Godan verb with `su' ending

Godan verb with `tsu' ending

Godan verb with `u' ending

Godan verb with `u' ending (special class)

Ichidan verb

Ichidan verb - zuru verb (alternative form of -jiru verbs)

interjection (kandoushi)

Spoken or written expressions of emotion.

intransitive verb

Kuru verb - special class

Nidan verb (lower class) with `hu/fu' ending (archaic)

Nidan verb (lower class) with `mu' ending (archaic)

Nidan verb (lower class) with `ru' ending (archaic)

Nidan verb (upper class) with `hu/fu' ending (archaic)

noun (common) (futsuumeishi)

noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)

noun or participle which takes the aux. verb suru

noun or verb acting prenominally

Verbs or nouns acting as an adjective.

noun, used as a prefix

noun, used as a suffix

nouns which may take the genitive case particle `no'

Nouns that can be converted into genitive case using the particle の.

numeric

particle

pre-noun adjectival (rentaishi)

Adjectives occurring before nouns and not in a predicative position.

prefix

pronoun

proper noun

su verb - precursor to the modern suru

suffix

suru verb - irregular

suru verb - special class

transitive verb

unclassified

Yodan verb with `hu/fu' ending (archaic)

Yodan verb with `ku' ending (archaic)

Yodan verb with `ru' ending (archaic)

Yodan verb with `su' ending (archaic)

`ku' adjective (archaic)

Archaic form of adjective no longer used.

`shiku' adjective (archaic)

Archaic form of adjective no longer used.

`taru' adjective

A variant of な adjectives which take たる ending.

JLPT level

JapanDict specific

Unusual readings

Miscelaneous

abbreviation

An abbreviation is a shorter way to write a word or phrase.

archaism

Words or expressions no longer current or that are current only within a few special contexts.

children's language

Words and expressions used by children and young people.

colloquialism

Words not used in formal speech, writing or paralinguistics.

derogatory

Words or grammatical forms expressing a low opinion of someone or something.

familiar language

Words and expressions used orally with friends and family.

female term or language

Words and expressions commonly used by women.

honorific or respectful (sonkeigo) language

Words used in sonkeigo or respectful language, used to show respect to the subject of the sentence.

humble (kenjougo) language

Words used in kenjougo or humble language, used to lower the position of the speaker or the subject of the conversation.

idiomatic expression

Expressions, words, or phrases that have a figurative meaning conventionally understood by native speakers.

jocular, humorous term

Words used to create experiences can make people laugh or feel happy.

male term or language

Words and expressions commonly used by men.

manga slang

Words used in the Japanese comic book world.

obscure term

Words or expressions not clearly expressed or easily understood.

obsolete term

Old-fashioned words and expressions no longer in use.

onomatopoeic or mimetic word

Words that phonetically imitate, resemble or suggest the source of the sound that it describes.

poetical term

Words and expressions used in poetry, a type of art form and a type of literature.

polite (teineigo) language

Words used in teineigo or polite language, used to refer to one's own actions or those of other people.

proverb

Simple and concrete saying, popularly known and repeated, that expresses a truth based on common sense or experience.

rare

Words and expressions not occurring very often.

sensitive

Words and expressions that may hurt, upset or offend others.

slang

Informal words or expressions likely to be interpreted by listeners as implying particular attitudes on the part of the speaker.

vulgar expression or word

Words lacking refinement or cultivation or taste.

word usually written using kana alone

Words and expressions which are always written using hiragana or katakana.

yojijukugo

Words consisting of four kanji characters having a particular meaning that cannot be inferred from the meanings of the components that make them up.

Specialised terminology

anatomical term

Terms used by anatomists and zoologists, in scientific journals, textbooks, and by doctors and other health professionals.

architecture term

Terms used in architecture, used in the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings and other physical structures.

astronomy, etc. term

Terms used in the study of the universe and stars, planets and galaxies as well as other things.

baseball term

Terms used in the game of baseball a sport widely played in Japan.

biology term

Terms used in the science of life and living things, and their evolution.

botany term

Terms used in the science of the study of plants.

Buddhist term

Words and expressions used in Buddhism, a religion widely extended in Japan.

business term

Terms used in business, common terminology and acronyms in business plans, accounting, finance, and other aspects of small business.

chemistry term

Terms used in science that deals with chemical elements and compounds, and how these things work together.

computer terminology

Terms related to computers, Internet and techical support.

economics term

Terms used in the social science which studies economic activity: how people make choices to get what they want.

engineering term

Terms used in many of the different branches of the engineering.

finance term

Terms used in finance, mostly related to businesses and how they make money.

food term

Terms related to food and how to cook it.

geology, etc. term

Terms used in the study of the nonliving things that the Earth is made of.

geometry term

Terms used in the kind of mathematics that studies the size, shapes, and positions of things.

law, etc. term

Terms used in law, commonly used by lawyers and judges.

linguistics terminology

Terms used in the study of the languages.

mahjong term

Terms used in mahjong, a game for four players that was created in China.

martial arts term

Terms used in Japanese martial arts like Judo, Kendo, Aikido, Ninjutsu among others.

mathematics

Terms used in mathematics, the study of numbers, shapes and patterns.

medicine, etc. term

Terms used in medicine, the science that deals with diseases (illnesses) in humans and animals.

military

Military terminology often used in the armed forces.

music term

Music terminology, used in music composition or in different musical styles.

physics terminology

Terms used in the branch of science, is the study of all forces and their impacts on the environment.

Shinto term

Words and expressions used in Shinto, an ethnic religion of the people of Japan.

shogi term

Terms used in shogi, a game also known as Japanese chess.

sports term

Terms which reference to more than one sport.

sumo term

Terms used in sumo, a Japanese full-contact sport.

zoology term

Terms used in the science of studying animal life.