PopularJLPT-2

Pronunciation

The way this word is usually spoken.

The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

  • ぜん zen

Translation

Translation in English of the selected word.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

  • noun (prefix)
    the last (i.e. immediately preceding) (e.g. "the last mayor"), previous, one-time, former
    • pre- (e.g. "premodern")
        • before the name of an era
      • noun taking the genitive case particle のnoun
        before, earlier
        • see also: 

      Position expressions in Japanese

      Location words in Japanese

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      Position expressions in Japanese!

      Kanji in this word

      Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

      Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

      • 9 strokes

        in front, before

      Example sentences

      Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

      We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

      • Japanese sentence

        前学期は成績がよかった。 

        Sentence analysis
        English translation

        I had a good report last term.

      PopularJLPT-5

      Pronunciation

      The way this word is usually spoken.

      The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

      There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

      • まえ mae

      Translation

      Translation in English of the selected word.

      There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

      Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

      • adverbial nountemporal nounsuffix
        ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour)
        • see also: 
      • in front (of), before (e.g. the house)
        • head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part
          • in the presence of
            • helping, portion
              • see also: 
            • privates, private parts

              Kanji in this word

              Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

              Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

              • 9 strokes

                in front, before

              Example sentences

              Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

              We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

              • Japanese sentence

                わぁあ~~っ!?隠してっ!前、隠してよっ! 

                Sentence analysis
                English translation

                M-my goodness!? Cover-up! Cover yourself up!

              • Japanese sentence

                彼女は法廷に判事と陪審員の前にたった。 

                Sentence analysis
                English translation

                She stood in the court before judge and jury.

              • Japanese sentence

                その作家はどの位前になくなりましたか。 

                Sentence analysis
                English translation

                How long ago did the author die?

              • Japanese sentence

                1987年10月のある朝、スティーブン・ホーキングは自分のコンピューターの前に座っていた。 

                Sentence analysis
                English translation

                One October morning in 1987, Stephen Hawking sat before his computer.

              Also written as: 
              JLPT-5

              Pronunciation

              The way this word is usually spoken.

              The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

              There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

              • さき saki

              Translation

              Translation in English of the selected word.

              There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

              Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

              • nounnoun taking the genitive case particle のnoun (suffix)prefix
                previous, prior, former, first, earlier, some time ago, preceding
                • point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle
                  • head (of a line), front
                    • ahead, the other side
                      • the future, hereafter
                        • destination
                          • the other party

                            Kanji in this word

                            Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                            Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                            • 9 strokes

                              in front, before

                            Example sentences

                            Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                            We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

                            • Japanese sentence

                              で、電話してみたらしいんだけど、その電話先の相手ってのが問題だったのよ。 

                              Sentence analysis
                              English translation

                              And so it seems she tried phoning but it's who was on the other end of that phone that was the problem.

                            • Japanese sentence

                              この先の丸くなった鉛筆では書けない。 

                              Sentence analysis
                              English translation

                              I can't write with this dull pencil.

                            • Japanese sentence

                              ここから先には行けません。 

                              Sentence analysis
                              English translation

                              You cannot go any farther.

                            • Japanese sentence

                              20マイル先に山の頂上が見えた。 

                              Sentence analysis
                              English translation

                              We could see the summit of a mountain twenty miles away.

                            • Japanese sentence

                              「私の後から来る方は私に優る方である。私より先におられたからである。」といったのはこの方の事です。 

                              Sentence analysis
                              English translation

                              This was he of whom I said, "He who comes after me has surpassed me because he was before me."