被る

Also written as: 
PopularJLPT-5

Pronunciation

The way this word is usually spoken.

The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

  • かぶる kaburu
  • かむる kamuru

Translation

Translation in English of the selected word.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

  • usually written using kana aloneGodan verbtransitive verb
    to put on (one's head), to wear, to have on, to pull over (one's head), to crown (oneself)
    • usually written using kana alone
      to be covered with (dust, snow, etc.), to pour (water, etc.) on oneself, to dash on oneself, to ship water
      • usually written using kana alone
        to bear (e.g. someone's debts, faults, etc.), to take (blame), to assume (responsibility), to shoulder (burden)
        • to overlap (e.g. sound or color)
          • to be similar, to be redundant
            • Godan verbintransitive verb
              to be fogged (due to overexposure, etc.)
                • of film
              • to close, to come to an end
                  • of a play, etc.
                • to get a full house, to sell out
                    • of a play, etc.
                  • archaism
                    to blunder, to bungle, to fail
                    • see also: 
                    • of a play, etc.
                  • archaism
                    to be deceived

                    Clothes in Japanese

                    Different western style clothes in Japanese

                    This image is clickable
                    Clothes in Japanese

                    Kanji in this word

                    Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                    Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                    • 10 strokes

                      incur, cover, veil, brood over, shelter, wear, put on, be exposed (film), receiving

                    Verb conjugation

                    A list with all the derivative forms for the verb, depending of the grammatical use and the degree of formality.

                    Plain
                    Present被る - かぶる (kaburu) 
                    Negative被らない - かぶらない (kaburanai) 
                    Past被った - かぶった (kabutta) 
                    Past negative被らなかった - かぶらなかった (kaburanakatta) 
                    Te form被って - かぶって (kabutte) 
                    Tai form被りたい - かぶりたい (kaburitai) 
                    Volitional被ろう - かぶろう (kaburou) 
                    Imperative被れ - かぶれ (kabure) 
                    Passive被られる - かぶられる (kaburareru) 
                    Conditional被ったら - かぶったら (kabuttara) 
                    Provisional conditional被れば - かぶれば (kabureba) 
                    Causative被らせる - かぶらせる (kaburaseru) 
                    Potential被れる - かぶれる (kabureru) 
                    Keigo (Polite)
                    Present被ります - かぶります (kaburimasu) 
                    Negative被りません - かぶりません (kaburimasen) 
                    Past被りました - かぶりました (kaburimashita) 
                    Past negative被りませんでした - かぶりませんでした (kaburimasendeshita) 
                    Te form被りまして - かぶりまして (kaburimashite) 
                    Tai form被りたいです - かぶりたいです (kaburitaidesu) 
                    Volitional被りましょう - かぶりましょう (kaburimashou) 
                    Imperative被りませ - かぶりませ (kaburimase) 
                    Passive被られます - かぶられます (kaburaremasu) 

                    Example sentences

                    Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                    We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

                    • Japanese sentence

                      避難民は食料や水、薬などその他いろいろ不足を被るものだ。 

                      Sentence analysis
                      English translation

                      Refugees will suffer lack of food, water, medicine and all that.

                    • Japanese sentence

                      その機械はほこりをかぶっていた。 

                      Sentence analysis
                      English translation

                      The machine was coated with dust.

                    • Japanese sentence

                      「白い帽子をかぶっている男の人は誰ですか」と私は彼女に言った。 

                      Sentence analysis
                      English translation

                      I asked her who the man wearing the white hat was.

                    被る

                    Also written as: 

                    Pronunciation

                    The way this word is usually spoken.

                    The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

                    There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

                    • こうむる koumuru

                    Translation

                    Translation in English of the selected word.

                    There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                    Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                    • Godan verbtransitive verb
                      to suffer, to receive (kindness, rebuke, support), to sustain (damage)

                      Kanji in this word

                      Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                      Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                      • 10 strokes

                        incur, cover, veil, brood over, shelter, wear, put on, be exposed (film), receiving

                      Verb conjugation

                      A list with all the derivative forms for the verb, depending of the grammatical use and the degree of formality.

                      Plain
                      Present被る - こうむる (koumuru) 
                      Negative被らない - こうむらない (koumuranai) 
                      Past被った - こうむった (koumutta) 
                      Past negative被らなかった - こうむらなかった (koumuranakatta) 
                      Te form被って - こうむって (koumutte) 
                      Tai form被りたい - こうむりたい (koumuritai) 
                      Volitional被ろう - こうむろう (koumurou) 
                      Imperative被れ - こうむれ (koumure) 
                      Passive被られる - こうむられる (koumurareru) 
                      Conditional被ったら - こうむったら (koumuttara) 
                      Provisional conditional被れば - こうむれば (koumureba) 
                      Causative被らせる - こうむらせる (koumuraseru) 
                      Potential被れる - こうむれる (koumureru) 
                      Keigo (Polite)
                      Present被ります - こうむります (koumurimasu) 
                      Negative被りません - こうむりません (koumurimasen) 
                      Past被りました - こうむりました (koumurimashita) 
                      Past negative被りませんでした - こうむりませんでした (koumurimasendeshita) 
                      Te form被りまして - こうむりまして (koumurimashite) 
                      Tai form被りたいです - こうむりたいです (koumuritaidesu) 
                      Volitional被りましょう - こうむりましょう (koumurimashou) 
                      Imperative被りませ - こうむりませ (koumurimase) 
                      Passive被られます - こうむられます (koumuraremasu)