為る

obsolete kanjiPopularJLPT-5

Reading

Readings of the Japanese word.

The word is written in kanji with furigana over each character. There is also the transliteration written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and romaji using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer-generated audio that can be listened to by clicking on it.

Words having multiple readings will be ordered by popularity.

  • ()()
    する (suru)

Translation

Translation of the selected word to several languages.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

English is the main language for the translations, but some words will also be available in other languages: Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, or Swedish.

  • usually written using kana alonesuru verb
    to do, to carry out, to perform
    • usually written using kana alone
      to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into)
      • usually written using kana alone
        to serve as, to act as, to work as
        • usually written using kana alone
          to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)
          • usually written using kana alone
            to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as
              • as 〜にする,〜とする
            • usually written using kana alone
              to decide on, to choose
                • as 〜にする
              • usually written using kana alonesuru verbintransitive verb
                to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.)
                  • as 〜がする
                • usually written using kana alone
                  to be (in a state, condition, etc.)
                  • usually written using kana alone
                    to be worth, to cost
                    • usually written using kana alone
                      to pass (of time), to elapse
                      • usually written using kana alonesuru verbtransitive verb
                        to place, or raise, person A to a post or status B
                          • as AをBにする
                        • usually written using kana alone
                          to transform A to B, to make A into B, to exchange A for B
                            • as AをBにする
                          • usually written using kana alone
                            to make use of A for B, to view A as B, to handle A as if it were B
                              • as AをBにする
                            • usually written using kana alone
                              to feel A about B
                                • as AをBにする
                              • usually written using kana alonesuffixsuru verb
                                verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs")
                                • usually written using kana aloneauxiliary verbsuru verb
                                  creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go")
                                  • see also: 
                                • usually written using kana alone
                                  to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
                                  • see also: 
                                  • as 〜うとする,〜ようとする
                                • faire
                                  • faire devenir, rendre, transformer
                                    • nommer, ou promouvoir, une personne A à un poste ou un statut B
                                      • transformer A en B, échanger A pour B
                                        • utiliser A pour B, voir A comme B, gérer A comme si c'était B
                                          • sentir A à propos de B
                                            • suffixe de transformation en verbe (s'applique aux noms repérés dans ce dictionnaire par « vs »)
                                              • utilisé pour former un verbe à la forme humble (après un nom avec le préfixe « o » ou « go »)
                                                • être sur le point de, commencer à peine à, essayer de, tenter de
                                                  • servir comme, agir comme, travailler comme
                                                    • porter (un vêtement, une expression du visage, etc.)
                                                      • juger comme, voir comme, considérer comme, traiter comme, utiliser comme
                                                        • opter pour, choisir
                                                          • se faire sentir (d'une odeur, etc.), se faire entendre (d'un bruit, etc.)
                                                            • être (dans un état, dans une condition, etc.)
                                                              • valoir, coûter
                                                                • passer (à propos du temps), s'écouler
                                                                  • tun, machen, verrichten
                                                                    • ausüben, treiben (Beruf, Sport)
                                                                      • kosten
                                                                        • haben
                                                                          • verstreichen (Zeit), in (temporal)
                                                                            • entscheiden, im Begriff sein
                                                                              • sein
                                                                                • cselekszik, elvégez, készít, megtesz, tesz, ellenőriz, igyekszik, kipróbál, megkísérel, megpróbál, megvizsgál, próbára tesz, eljátszik, előad, kivégez, megvalósít, teljesít, végrehajt, alakít, bánik vkivel, fáraszt, játszik, kezel, kifáraszt, kihív, kijátszik, kotyog, megcéloz, megjátszik, működik, ráirányít, rátesz, szerepel, szól, alkalmaz, folytat, gyakorlatba átvisz, gyakorlatot folytat, gyakorol, gyakoroltat, praktizál, próbál, szoktat, űz, jön vmibe, kerül vmibe, kóstál vmibe, vmibe kerül, átmegy, átsiklik vmin, elfogadtat, elhalad, elléptet, elmegy, elmúlik, előfordul, előz, eltelik, eltölt, eltűnik, elvonultat, felülmúl, halad, határozatba megy, keresztülmegy, megelőz, meghal, meghalad, megszavaz, megy, múlik, nem vesz észre, telik, továbbad, továbbhalad, történik, túlhalad, túljut
                                                                                  • hacer, intentar, ejecutar, jugar, practicar, costar
                                                                                    • servir como, transcurrir
                                                                                      • servir, actuar como, trabajar como
                                                                                        • ponerse (ropa, una expresión facial, etc.)
                                                                                          • sentirse (una aroma, ruido, etc.)
                                                                                            • estar
                                                                                              • valer, costar
                                                                                                • pasar (tiempo), sufijo verbalizador (aplica a los sustantivos anotados en este diccionario con la parte del habla "vs")
                                                                                                  • crea un verbo humilde (después de un sustantivo con prefijo "o" o "go")
                                                                                                    • estar a punto de, tratat de, intentar
                                                                                                      • göra

                                                                                                        する verb

                                                                                                        The verb する is one of the most important irregular verbs in Japanese.

                                                                                                        The verb する ("to do") is most of the time written in hiragana and can be used in combination with other nouns and adverbs to convert them to verbs.1

                                                                                                        English word + する

                                                                                                        + する = To kiss

                                                                                                        + する = To go for a drive

                                                                                                        + する = To copy

                                                                                                        Chinese word + する

                                                                                                        + する = To study

                                                                                                        + する = To telephone

                                                                                                        + する = To prepare


                                                                                                        1. Check our list of nouns taking the verb する for the complete list. 

                                                                                                        Kanji in this word

                                                                                                        Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                                                                                        Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                                                                                        • 9 strokes

                                                                                                          do, change, make, benefit, welfare, be of use, reach to, try, practice, cost, serve as, good, advantage, as a result of

                                                                                                        Verb conjugation

                                                                                                        A list with all the derivative forms for the verb, depending of the grammatical use and the degree of formality.

                                                                                                        Plain
                                                                                                        Present為る - する (suru) 
                                                                                                        Negativeしない - しない (shinai) 
                                                                                                        Pastした - した (shita) 
                                                                                                        Past negativeしなかった - しなかった (shinakatta) 
                                                                                                        Te formして - して (shite) 
                                                                                                        Tai formしたい - したい (shitai) 
                                                                                                        Volitionalしよう - しよう (shiyou) 
                                                                                                        Imperativeしろ - しろ (shiro) 
                                                                                                        Passiveされる - される (sareru) 
                                                                                                        Conditionalしたら - したら (shitara) 
                                                                                                        Provisional conditionalすれば - すれば (sureba) 
                                                                                                        Causativeさせる - させる (saseru) 
                                                                                                        Potentialできる - できる (dekiru) 
                                                                                                        Keigo (Polite)
                                                                                                        Presentします - します (shimasu) 
                                                                                                        Negativeしません - しません (shimasen) 
                                                                                                        Pastしました - しました (shimashita) 
                                                                                                        Past negativeしませんでした - しませんでした (shimasendeshita) 
                                                                                                        Te formしまして - しまして (shimashite) 
                                                                                                        Tai formしたいです - したいです (shitaidesu) 
                                                                                                        Volitionalしましょう - しましょう (shimashou) 
                                                                                                        Imperativeしませ - しませ (shimase) 
                                                                                                        Passiveされます - されます (saremasu) 

                                                                                                        Example sentences

                                                                                                        Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                                                                                                        The Japanese sentence, the sentence analysis, and the English translation are always included. Using the sentence analysis is possible to learn how the sentence is constructed and every single word can be examined one by one.

                                                                                                        In some cases translation to other languages can also be included. Quality of the translation may vary and it's included for reference only.

                                                                                                        • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                          彼は三日したら出発する。 

                                                                                                          Sentence analysis
                                                                                                          Translation

                                                                                                          He is leaving in three days.

                                                                                                          Er reist in drei Tagen ab.

                                                                                                          Он отправляется через три дня.

                                                                                                          Él partirá en tres días.

                                                                                                          Han åker om tre dagar.


                                                                                                          Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                                        • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                          頭痛を言い訳にして、彼は早く帰った。 

                                                                                                          Sentence analysis
                                                                                                          Translation

                                                                                                          He used a headache as an excuse for leaving early.

                                                                                                          Il a pris prétexte d’un mal de tête pour rentrer plus tôt.


                                                                                                          Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                                        • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                          結構です。それにしましょう。 

                                                                                                          Sentence analysis
                                                                                                          Translation

                                                                                                          Heel goed. Ik neem het.

                                                                                                          All right. I'll take it.

                                                                                                          Très bien. Je vais le prendre.

                                                                                                          Rendben. Elviszem.

                                                                                                          Отлично. Я его возьму.


                                                                                                          Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                                        • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                          そんなにが虫を噛みつぶしたような顔をするなよ。 

                                                                                                          Sentence analysis
                                                                                                          Translation

                                                                                                          Don't make such a sour face!

                                                                                                          Mach nicht so ein saures Gesicht!

                                                                                                          Não faça essa cara!

                                                                                                          Не делай такое кислое лицо.

                                                                                                          No hagas cara de amargado.


                                                                                                          Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                                        • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                          それらはあなたを暖かくするのに役立つでしょう。 

                                                                                                          Sentence analysis
                                                                                                          Translation

                                                                                                          They will help you to get warm.

                                                                                                          Ils vous aideront à vous réchauffer.

                                                                                                          Sie werden euch helfen, euch aufzuwärmen.

                                                                                                          Они помогут тебе согреться.


                                                                                                          Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                                        • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                          「これ以上何も言うことはありません、いいわけをするのはいやですから」と彼は言った。 

                                                                                                          Sentence analysis
                                                                                                          Translation

                                                                                                          He said, "I will say nothing more, because I hate making excuses."

                                                                                                          Il dit : « Je ne dirai plus rien, parce que je déteste faire des excuses. »

                                                                                                          Er sagte: „Ich werde nichts weiter sagen, weil ich Entschuldigungen hasse.“


                                                                                                          Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                                        • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                          このスープはいやなにおいがする。腐っているでしょう? 

                                                                                                          Sentence analysis
                                                                                                          Translation

                                                                                                          This soup smells horrible. Do you think it's gone off?

                                                                                                          Cette soupe sent vraiment mauvais. Elle n'aurait pas tourné?

                                                                                                          Diese Suppe riecht furchtbar. Glaubst du, sie ist verdorben?

                                                                                                          Ennek a levesnek rémes szaga van. Gondolod, hogy megromlott?


                                                                                                          Open in tatoeba.org

                                                                                                        為る

                                                                                                        Also written as: 
                                                                                                        JLPT-5

                                                                                                        Reading

                                                                                                        Readings of the Japanese word.

                                                                                                        The word is written in kanji with furigana over each character. There is also the transliteration written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and romaji using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer-generated audio that can be listened to by clicking on it.

                                                                                                        Words having multiple readings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                                                                        • ()()
                                                                                                          なる (naru)

                                                                                                        Translation

                                                                                                        Translation of the selected word to several languages.

                                                                                                        There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                                                                        Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                                                                                                        English is the main language for the translations, but some words will also be available in other languages: Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, or Swedish.

                                                                                                        • usually written using kana aloneGodan verbintransitive verb
                                                                                                          to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain
                                                                                                          • to result in, to prove to be
                                                                                                            • to consist of, to be composed of
                                                                                                              • to succeed, to be complete
                                                                                                                • to change into, to be exchanged for
                                                                                                                  • to play a role
                                                                                                                    • see also: 
                                                                                                                  • shogi term
                                                                                                                    to be promoted
                                                                                                                    • honorific languageGodan verb
                                                                                                                      to do ...
                                                                                                                        • as お+masu-stem+になる, ご+noun+になる, etc.
                                                                                                                      • worden, raken, geraken, {i.h.b.} worden van, {i.h.b.} terechtkomen van, {i.h.b.} gebeuren met, {i.h.b.} aflopen met
                                                                                                                        • worden, beginnen te, {het warm enz.} krijgen
                                                                                                                          • {m.b.t. hoogte, lengte, gewicht enz.} worden, bedragen, uitmaken, komen op, bereiken, neerkomen op
                                                                                                                            • worden, veranderen (in), overgaan (in), {m.b.t. positie, status, toestand enz.} bereiken, uitlopen op, zich ontwikkelen tot
                                                                                                                              • zich verwaardigen te ~ {tangconstructie waarbij tussen het beleefdheidsprefix (o お of go ご) en de combinatie ni naru になる een dōshi in de ren'yōkei of een deverbatief meishi staat. Drukt respect voor het onderwerp van het gezegde uit.}
                                                                                                                                • worden, raken, geraken, {i.h.b.} worden van, {i.h.b.} terechtkomen van, {i.h.b.} gebeuren met, {i.h.b.} aflopen met
                                                                                                                                  • worden, beginnen te, {het warm enz.} krijgen
                                                                                                                                    • {m.b.t. hoogte, lengte, gewicht enz.} worden, bedragen, uitmaken, komen op, bereiken, neerkomen op
                                                                                                                                      • worden, veranderen (in), overgaan (in), {m.b.t. positie, status, toestand enz.} bereiken, uitlopen op, zich ontwikkelen tot
                                                                                                                                        • verwezenlijkt worden, volbracht worden, voltooid worden, bereikt worden, (ten slotte ~) blijken, uitlopen op
                                                                                                                                          • bestaan uit, omvatten, samengesteld zijn uit, opgebouwd zijn uit, {x leden enz.} tellen, {deel enz.} uitmaken, vormen
                                                                                                                                            • kunnen, mogen {vaak i.c.m. ontkenning of retorische vraag}
                                                                                                                                              • dienen als, {de rol van ~} vertolken
                                                                                                                                                • promoveren (tot) {m.b.t. shōgipion}
                                                                                                                                                  • zich verwaardigen te ~ {Tangconstructie waarbij tussen het beleefdheidsprefix (o お of go ご) en de combinatie ni naru になる een dōshi in de ren'yōkei of een deverbatief meishi staat. Drukt respect voor het onderwerp van het gezegde uit.}
                                                                                                                                                    • devenir, s'établir, être, atteindre, accéder à, passer
                                                                                                                                                      • aboutir à, mener à, s'avérer être
                                                                                                                                                        • consister en, être composé de
                                                                                                                                                          • réussir, être complet, être achevé
                                                                                                                                                            • se changer en, être échangé contre
                                                                                                                                                              • jouer un rôle
                                                                                                                                                                • être promu
                                                                                                                                                                  • faire
                                                                                                                                                                    • werden
                                                                                                                                                                      • sich entwickeln zu …, sich verwandeln zu …
                                                                                                                                                                        • jmdn. spielen
                                                                                                                                                                          • fertig werden
                                                                                                                                                                            • bestehen aus
                                                                                                                                                                              • erreichen
                                                                                                                                                                                • betragen, machen
                                                                                                                                                                                  • dienen, zu benutzen sein
                                                                                                                                                                                    • vergehen
                                                                                                                                                                                      • befördern (eines Steins)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • átöltözik, változtat, illik vkihez, lesz vmivé
                                                                                                                                                                                          • 1) становиться, делаться (кем-чем-л., каким-л.); превращаться (в кого-что-л.), 2) наступать (о времени), 3) (после гл.:), 4) обернуться (как-л.), кончиться (чем-л.), 5) служить (чем-л.); (театр.) играть роль (кого-л.), 6) состоять (из чего-л.), 7) составлять, образовывать, 8) получаться, выходить, 9) (связ.) терпеть, сносить, 10): …なければならない (после 1-й основы гл.) нужно, следует, должен (делать что-л.), (ср.) なれのはて
                                                                                                                                                                                            • postati
                                                                                                                                                                                              • convertirse en, llegar a ser, ponerse, hacerse, volverse, obtener, crecer, alcanzar a, lograr, realizar
                                                                                                                                                                                                • resultar en, probar ser
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • consistir de, estar integrado por
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • tener éxito, completarse
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • cambiar en, intercambiarse por
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • jugar un rol
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • promoverse (shogi)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bli

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Kanji in this word

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 9 strokes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                do, change, make, benefit, welfare, be of use, reach to, try, practice, cost, serve as, good, advantage, as a result of

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Verb conjugation

                                                                                                                                                                                                              A list with all the derivative forms for the verb, depending of the grammatical use and the degree of formality.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Plain
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Present為る - なる (naru) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Negative為らない - ならない (naranai) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Past為った - なった (natta) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Past negative為らなかった - ならなかった (naranakatta) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Te form為って - なって (natte) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Tai form為りたい - なりたい (naritai) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Volitional為ろう - なろう (narou) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Imperative為れ - なれ (nare) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Passive為られる - なられる (narareru) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Conditional為ったら - なったら (nattara) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Provisional conditional為れば - なれば (nareba) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Causative為らせる - ならせる (naraseru) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Potential為れる - なれる (nareru) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Keigo (Polite)
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Present為ります - なります (narimasu) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Negative為りません - なりません (narimasen) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Past為りました - なりました (narimashita) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Past negative為りませんでした - なりませんでした (narimasendeshita) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Te form為りまして - なりまして (narimashite) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Tai form為りたいです - なりたいです (naritaidesu) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Volitional為りましょう - なりましょう (narimashou) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Imperative為りませ - なりませ (narimase) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Passive為られます - なられます (nararemasu) 

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Example sentences

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              The Japanese sentence, the sentence analysis, and the English translation are always included. Using the sentence analysis is possible to learn how the sentence is constructed and every single word can be examined one by one.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              In some cases translation to other languages can also be included. Quality of the translation may vary and it's included for reference only.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                1週間してそのニュースは本当になった。 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Sentence analysis
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Translation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                The news turned out true in a week.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Innerhalb einer Woche bewahrheitete sich diese Nachricht.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                1チームは9人の選手から成る。 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Sentence analysis
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Translation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Nine players make up a team.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Одна команда состоит из девяти игроков.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Un equipo está formado por 9 jugadores.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                あなたがいなくなるととても寂しくなります。 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Sentence analysis
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Translation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Als je weggaat, zal ik je heel erg missen.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                After you leave, I'll be lonely.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Je me sentirais très seul si tu venais à disparaître.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Wenn du weg bist, werde ich einsam sein.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Miután elmész, magányos leszek.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Vou me sentir sozinho depois de você ir embora.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Я буду одинок, после того как ты уйдёшь.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Estaré sola después de que te vayas.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Jag kommer känna mig ensam när du har gått.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                Open in tatoeba.org