為る

PopularJLPT-5

Pronunciation

The way this word is usually spoken.

The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

  • する suru

Translation

Translation in English of the selected word.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

  • usually written using kana alonesuru verb
    to do, to carry out, to perform
    • usually written using kana alone
      to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into)
      • usually written using kana alone
        to serve as, to act as, to work as
        • usually written using kana alone
          to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)
          • usually written using kana alone
            to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as
              • as 〜にする,〜とする
            • usually written using kana alone
              to decide on, to choose
                • as 〜にする
              • usually written using kana alonesuru verbintransitive verb
                to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.)
                  • as 〜がする
                • usually written using kana alone
                  to be (in a state, condition, etc.)
                  • usually written using kana alone
                    to be worth, to cost
                    • usually written using kana alone
                      to pass (of time), to elapse
                      • usually written using kana alonesuru verbtransitive verb
                        to place, or raise, person A to a post or status B
                          • as AをBにする
                        • usually written using kana alone
                          to transform A to B, to make A into B, to exchange A for B
                            • as AをBにする
                          • usually written using kana alone
                            to make use of A for B, to view A as B, to handle A as if it were B
                              • as AをBにする
                            • usually written using kana alone
                              to feel A about B
                                • as AをBにする
                              • usually written using kana alonesuffixsuru verb
                                verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs")
                                • usually written using kana aloneauxiliary verbsuru verb
                                  creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go")
                                  • see also: 
                                • usually written using kana alone
                                  to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
                                  • see also: 
                                  • as 〜うとする,〜ようとする

                                する verb

                                The verb する is one of the most important irregular verbs in Japanese.

                                The verb する ("to do") is most of the time written in hiragana and can be used in combination with other nouns and adverbs to convert them to verbs.1

                                English word + する

                                + する = To kiss

                                + する = To go for a drive

                                + する = To copy

                                Chinese word + する

                                + する = To study

                                + する = To telephone

                                + する = To prepare


                                1. Check our list of nouns taking the verb する for the complete list. 

                                Kanji in this word

                                Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                • 9 strokes

                                  do, change, make, benefit, welfare, be of use, reach to, try, practice, cost, serve as, good, advantage, as a result of

                                Verb conjugation

                                A list with all the derivative forms for the verb, depending of the grammatical use and the degree of formality.

                                Plain
                                Present為る - する (suru) 
                                Negativeしない - しない (shinai) 
                                Pastした - した (shita) 
                                Past negativeしなかった - しなかった (shinakatta) 
                                Te formして - して (shite) 
                                Tai formしたい - したい (shitai) 
                                Volitionalしよう - しよう (shiyou) 
                                Imperativeしろ - しろ (shiro) 
                                Passiveされる - される (sareru) 
                                Conditionalしたら - したら (shitara) 
                                Provisional conditionalすれば - すれば (sureba) 
                                Causativeさせる - させる (saseru) 
                                Potentialできる - できる (dekiru) 
                                Keigo (Polite)
                                Presentします - します (shimasu) 
                                Negativeしません - しません (shimasen) 
                                Pastしました - しました (shimashita) 
                                Past negativeしませんでした - しませんでした (shimasendeshita) 
                                Te formしまして - しまして (shimashite) 
                                Tai formしたいです - したいです (shitaidesu) 
                                Volitionalしましょう - しましょう (shimashou) 
                                Imperativeしませ - しませ (shimase) 
                                Passiveされます - されます (saremasu) 

                                Example sentences

                                Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                                We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

                                • Japanese sentence

                                  彼は三日したら出発する。 

                                  Sentence analysis
                                  English translation

                                  He is leaving in three days.

                                • Japanese sentence

                                  頭痛を言い訳にして、彼は早く帰った。 

                                  Sentence analysis
                                  English translation

                                  He used a headache as an excuse for leaving early.

                                • Japanese sentence

                                  結構です。それにしましょう。 

                                  Sentence analysis
                                  English translation

                                  All right. I'll take it.

                                • Japanese sentence

                                  そんなにが虫を噛みつぶしたような顔をするなよ。 

                                  Sentence analysis
                                  English translation

                                  Don't make such a sour face.

                                • Japanese sentence

                                  それらはあなたを暖かくするのに役立つでしょう。 

                                  Sentence analysis
                                  English translation

                                  They will help you to get warm.

                                • Japanese sentence

                                  「これ以上何も言うことはありません、いいわけをするのはいやですから」と彼は言った。 

                                  Sentence analysis
                                  English translation

                                  He said, "I will say nothing more, because I hate making excuses."

                                • Japanese sentence

                                  このスープはいやなにおいがする。腐っているでしょう? 

                                  Sentence analysis
                                  English translation

                                  This soup smells horrible. Do you think it's gone off?

                                為る

                                Also written as: 
                                JLPT-5

                                Pronunciation

                                The way this word is usually spoken.

                                The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

                                There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

                                • なる naru

                                Translation

                                Translation in English of the selected word.

                                There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                                Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                                • usually written using kana aloneGodan verbintransitive verb
                                  to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain
                                  • to result in, to prove to be
                                    • to consist of, to be composed of
                                      • to succeed, to be complete
                                        • to change into, to be exchanged for
                                          • to play a role
                                            • see also: 
                                          • shogi term
                                            to be promoted
                                            • honorific languageGodan verb
                                              to do ...
                                                • as お+masu-stem+になる, ご+noun+になる, etc.

                                              Kanji in this word

                                              Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                              Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                              • 9 strokes

                                                do, change, make, benefit, welfare, be of use, reach to, try, practice, cost, serve as, good, advantage, as a result of

                                              Verb conjugation

                                              A list with all the derivative forms for the verb, depending of the grammatical use and the degree of formality.

                                              Plain
                                              Present為る - なる (naru) 
                                              Negative為らない - ならない (naranai) 
                                              Past為った - なった (natta) 
                                              Past negative為らなかった - ならなかった (naranakatta) 
                                              Te form為って - なって (natte) 
                                              Tai form為りたい - なりたい (naritai) 
                                              Volitional為ろう - なろう (narou) 
                                              Imperative為れ - なれ (nare) 
                                              Passive為られる - なられる (narareru) 
                                              Conditional為ったら - なったら (nattara) 
                                              Provisional conditional為れば - なれば (nareba) 
                                              Causative為らせる - ならせる (naraseru) 
                                              Potential為れる - なれる (nareru) 
                                              Keigo (Polite)
                                              Present為ります - なります (narimasu) 
                                              Negative為りません - なりません (narimasen) 
                                              Past為りました - なりました (narimashita) 
                                              Past negative為りませんでした - なりませんでした (narimasendeshita) 
                                              Te form為りまして - なりまして (narimashite) 
                                              Tai form為りたいです - なりたいです (naritaidesu) 
                                              Volitional為りましょう - なりましょう (narimashou) 
                                              Imperative為りませ - なりませ (narimase) 
                                              Passive為られます - なられます (nararemasu) 

                                              Example sentences

                                              Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                                              We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

                                              • Japanese sentence

                                                1週間してそのニュースは本当になった。 

                                                Sentence analysis
                                                English translation

                                                The news turned out true in a week.

                                              • Japanese sentence

                                                1チームは9人の選手から成る。 

                                                Sentence analysis
                                                English translation

                                                Nine players make up a team.

                                              • Japanese sentence

                                                あなたがいなくなるととても寂しくなります。 

                                                Sentence analysis
                                                English translation

                                                When you go, I'll miss you very much.