来る

Also written as: 
PopularJLPT-5

Pronunciation

The way this word is usually spoken.

The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

  • くる kuru

Translation

Translation in English of the selected word.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

  • Kuru verbintransitive verb
    to come (spatially or temporally), to approach, to arrive
    • Kuru verbintransitive verbauxiliary verb
      to come back, to do ... and come back
      • see also: 
    • to come to be, to become, to get, to grow, to continue
      • Kuru verbintransitive verb
        to come from, to be caused by, to derive from
        • to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")
          • see also: 

        Kanji in this word

        Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

        Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

        • 7 strokes

          come, due, next, cause, become

        Verb conjugation

        A list with all the derivative forms for the verb, depending of the grammatical use and the degree of formality.

        Plain
        Present来る - くる (kuru) 
        Negative来ない - こない (konai) 
        Past来た - きた (kita) 
        Past negative来なかった - こなかった (konakatta) 
        Te form来て - きて (kite) 
        Tai formきたい - きたい (kitai) 
        Volitional来よう - こよう (koyou) 
        Imperative来い - こい (koi) 
        Passive来られる - こられる (korareru) 
        Conditional来たら - きたら (kitara) 
        Provisional conditional来れば - くれば (kureba) 
        Causative来させる - こさせる (kosaseru) 
        Potential来られる - こられる (korareru) 
        Keigo (Polite)
        Presentきます - きます (kimasu) 
        Negativeきません - きません (kimasen) 
        Pastきました - きました (kimashita) 
        Past negativeきませんでした - きませんでした (kimasendeshita) 
        Te formきまして - きまして (kimashite) 
        Tai formきたいです - きたいです (kitaidesu) 
        Volitionalきましょう - きましょう (kimashou) 
        Imperativeきませ - きませ (kimase) 
        Passive来られます - こられます (koraremasu) 

        Example sentences

        Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

        We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

        • Japanese sentence

          私の父は私に、ぜひそこを見てくるようにといった。 

          Sentence analysis
          English translation

          My father insisted that I should go to see the place.

        • Japanese sentence

          10時までに来ます。 

          Sentence analysis
          English translation

          I'll come by 10.

        来る

        Also written as: 
        JLPT-1

        Pronunciation

        The way this word is usually spoken.

        The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

        There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

        • きたる kitaru

        Translation

        Translation in English of the selected word.

        There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

        Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

        • pre-noun adjectival
          next (e.g. "next April"), forthcoming, coming
          • antonym: 
        • Godan verbintransitive verb
          to come, to arrive, to be due to
            • orig. meaning

          Kanji in this word

          Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

          Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

          • 7 strokes

            come, due, next, cause, become

          Verb conjugation

          A list with all the derivative forms for the verb, depending of the grammatical use and the degree of formality.

          Plain
          Present来る - きたる (kitaru) 
          Negative来らない - きたらない (kitaranai) 
          Past来った - きたった (kitatta) 
          Past negative来らなかった - きたらなかった (kitaranakatta) 
          Te form来って - きたって (kitatte) 
          Tai form来りたい - きたりたい (kitaritai) 
          Volitional来ろう - きたろう (kitarou) 
          Imperative来れ - きたれ (kitare) 
          Passive来られる - きたられる (kitarareru) 
          Conditional来ったら - きたったら (kitattara) 
          Provisional conditional来れば - きたれば (kitareba) 
          Causative来らせる - きたらせる (kitaraseru) 
          Potential来れる - きたれる (kitareru) 
          Keigo (Polite)
          Present来ります - きたります (kitarimasu) 
          Negative来りません - きたりません (kitarimasen) 
          Past来りました - きたりました (kitarimashita) 
          Past negative来りませんでした - きたりませんでした (kitarimasendeshita) 
          Te form来りまして - きたりまして (kitarimashite) 
          Tai form来りたいです - きたりたいです (kitaritaidesu) 
          Volitional来りましょう - きたりましょう (kitarimashou) 
          Imperative来りませ - きたりませ (kitarimase) 
          Passive来られます - きたられます (kitararemasu)