来る

Also written as: 
PopularJLPT-5

Pronunciation

The way this word is usually spoken.

The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

  • くる kuru

Translation

Translation of the selected word to several languages.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

English is the main language for the translations, but some words will also be available in other languages: Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, or Swedish.

  • Kuru verbintransitive verb
    to come (spatially or temporally), to approach, to arrive
    • Kuru verbintransitive verbauxiliary verb
      to come back, to do ... and come back
      • see also: 
    • to come to be, to become, to get, to grow, to continue
      • Kuru verbintransitive verb
        to come from, to be caused by, to derive from
        • to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")
          • see also: 
        • 1. komen, verschijnen, opdagen, naderen, niet achterwege blijven, 2. aankomen, arriveren, (zijn bestemming) bereiken, 3. bezoeken, een visite brengen, op bezoek gaan bij, te gast zijn bij, 4. aanbreken, beginnen, voor de deur staan, 5. worden, in een bepaalde toestand raken, in een bepaalde hoedanigheid raken, 6. (een houding) aannemen, 7. invoeren, introduceren, in gebruik laten komen, in zwang brengen, 8. zijn oorzaak vinden in, toe te schrijven zijn aan, te wijten zijn aan, veroorzaakt zijn door, 9. ontsproten zijn uit
          • revenir, faire... et revenir
            • s'agir de
              • kommen, ankommen, herankommen, eintreffen, besuchen, aufsuchen, vorsprechen, sich nähern, herkommen, fällig werden, ablaufen, verfallen
                • herüberkommen, überliefert werden
                  • stammen, herstammen, herrühren, entstehen, sich ergeben, zurückzuführen sein
                    • jön, következik, lesz, megérkezik, megtesz, származik, válik vmilyenné, kézhez kap, közeledik, közelít, megközelít, belép a színre, halad, jól fejlődik, jól nő, sorra kerül, beáll, kezdődik, part felé folyik, válik vmivé, nő, növekszik, állapotba juttat, beszerez, elcsíp, elejt, elfog, elhoz, eljut, elvégeztet, ért, helyre juttat, hoz, hozzáfog, jut, kap, kerül vhova, kerül, kinyer, lelő, lesz vmilyen, leterít, magához vesz, megfog, megszerez, nemz, odaér, rávesz, szert tesz, tesz vmilyenné, vesz
                      • 1) приходить, прибывать; приезжать; приходить в гости, 2) приходить, наступать (о чём-л.), 3) происходить, проистекать (из чего-л.), 4) (после деепр.:), а) (имеет значение приходить и приближаться, но не переводится:), б) (указывает на наступление действия:)
                        • priti {tja, kjer je govorec}
                          • llegar, venir

                            Kanji in this word

                            Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                            Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                            • 7 strokes

                              come, due, next, cause, become

                            Verb conjugation

                            A list with all the derivative forms for the verb, depending of the grammatical use and the degree of formality.

                            Plain
                            Present来る - くる (kuru) 
                            Negative来ない - こない (konai) 
                            Past来た - きた (kita) 
                            Past negative来なかった - こなかった (konakatta) 
                            Te form来て - きて (kite) 
                            Tai formきたい - きたい (kitai) 
                            Volitional来よう - こよう (koyou) 
                            Imperative来い - こい (koi) 
                            Passive来られる - こられる (korareru) 
                            Conditional来たら - きたら (kitara) 
                            Provisional conditional来れば - くれば (kureba) 
                            Causative来させる - こさせる (kosaseru) 
                            Potential来られる - こられる (korareru) 
                            Keigo (Polite)
                            Presentきます - きます (kimasu) 
                            Negativeきません - きません (kimasen) 
                            Pastきました - きました (kimashita) 
                            Past negativeきませんでした - きませんでした (kimasendeshita) 
                            Te formきまして - きまして (kimashite) 
                            Tai formきたいです - きたいです (kitaidesu) 
                            Volitionalきましょう - きましょう (kimashou) 
                            Imperativeきませ - きませ (kimase) 
                            Passive来られます - こられます (koraremasu) 

                            Example sentences

                            Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                            The Japanese sentence, the sentence analysis, and the English translation are always included. Using the sentence analysis is possible to learn how the sentence is constructed and every single word can be examined one by one.

                            In some cases translation to other languages can also be included. Quality of the translation may vary and it's included for reference only.

                            来る

                            Also written as: 
                            JLPT-1

                            Pronunciation

                            The way this word is usually spoken.

                            The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

                            There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

                            • きたる kitaru

                            Translation

                            Translation of the selected word to several languages.

                            There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                            Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                            English is the main language for the translations, but some words will also be available in other languages: Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, or Swedish.

                            • pre-noun adjectival
                              next (e.g. "next April"), forthcoming, coming
                              • antonym: 
                            • Godan verbintransitive verb
                              to come, to arrive, to be due to
                                • orig. meaning
                              • 1. komen, arriveren, 2. verslijten, aftakelen, 3. dolverliefd worden op, z'n hart verliezen aan, vallen voor, 4. aanstaand(e), komend(e), eerstkomend(e), volgend(e), {gew.} naast(e)
                                • arriver, venir
                                  • kommen, herankommen, alt und nutzlos werden, unbrauchbar werden, sich verlieben
                                    • kommend, bevorstehend, nächste
                                      • eljön, jön, megérkezik, válik vmilyenné
                                        • 1) (кн. уст.) приходить; (см.) くる【来る】, 2) проистекать, происходить (от чего-л.); корениться (в чём-л.), 3) (как опред.) будущий, предстоящий (о дате; в переводе часто опускается)
                                          • venir, llegar, ser el próximo, ser debido a

                                            Kanji in this word

                                            Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                            Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                            • 7 strokes

                                              come, due, next, cause, become

                                            Verb conjugation

                                            A list with all the derivative forms for the verb, depending of the grammatical use and the degree of formality.

                                            Plain
                                            Present来る - きたる (kitaru) 
                                            Negative来らない - きたらない (kitaranai) 
                                            Past来った - きたった (kitatta) 
                                            Past negative来らなかった - きたらなかった (kitaranakatta) 
                                            Te form来って - きたって (kitatte) 
                                            Tai form来りたい - きたりたい (kitaritai) 
                                            Volitional来ろう - きたろう (kitarou) 
                                            Imperative来れ - きたれ (kitare) 
                                            Passive来られる - きたられる (kitarareru) 
                                            Conditional来ったら - きたったら (kitattara) 
                                            Provisional conditional来れば - きたれば (kitareba) 
                                            Causative来らせる - きたらせる (kitaraseru) 
                                            Potential来れる - きたれる (kitareru) 
                                            Keigo (Polite)
                                            Present来ります - きたります (kitarimasu) 
                                            Negative来りません - きたりません (kitarimasen) 
                                            Past来りました - きたりました (kitarimashita) 
                                            Past negative来りませんでした - きたりませんでした (kitarimasendeshita) 
                                            Te form来りまして - きたりまして (kitarimashite) 
                                            Tai form来りたいです - きたりたいです (kitaritaidesu) 
                                            Volitional来りましょう - きたりましょう (kitarimashou) 
                                            Imperative来りませ - きたりませ (kitarimase) 
                                            Passive来られます - きたられます (kitararemasu)