成る

Also written as: 
PopularJLPT-5

Pronunciation

The way this word is usually spoken.

The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

  • なる naru

Translation

Translation in English of the selected word.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

  • usually written using kana aloneGodan verbintransitive verb
    to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain
    • to result in, to prove to be
      • to consist of, to be composed of
        • to succeed, to be complete
          • to change into, to be exchanged for
            • to play a role
              • see also: 
            • shogi term
              to be promoted
              • honorific languageGodan verb
                to do ...
                  • as お+masu-stem+になる, ご+noun+になる, etc.

                Kanji in this word

                Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                • 6 strokes

                  turn into, become, get, grow, elapse, reach

                Verb conjugation

                A list with all the derivative forms for the verb, depending of the grammatical use and the degree of formality.

                Plain
                Present成る - なる (naru) 
                Negative成らない - ならない (naranai) 
                Past成った - なった (natta) 
                Past negative成らなかった - ならなかった (naranakatta) 
                Te form成って - なって (natte) 
                Tai form成りたい - なりたい (naritai) 
                Volitional成ろう - なろう (narou) 
                Imperative成れ - なれ (nare) 
                Passive成られる - なられる (narareru) 
                Conditional成ったら - なったら (nattara) 
                Provisional conditional成れば - なれば (nareba) 
                Causative成らせる - ならせる (naraseru) 
                Potential成れる - なれる (nareru) 
                Keigo (Polite)
                Present成ります - なります (narimasu) 
                Negative成りません - なりません (narimasen) 
                Past成りました - なりました (narimashita) 
                Past negative成りませんでした - なりませんでした (narimasendeshita) 
                Te form成りまして - なりまして (narimashite) 
                Tai form成りたいです - なりたいです (naritaidesu) 
                Volitional成りましょう - なりましょう (narimashou) 
                Imperative成りませ - なりませ (narimase) 
                Passive成られます - なられます (nararemasu) 

                Example sentences

                Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

                • Japanese sentence

                  1週間してそのニュースは本当になった。 

                  Sentence analysis
                  English translation

                  The news turned out true in a week.

                • Japanese sentence

                  1チームは9人の選手から成る。 

                  Sentence analysis
                  English translation

                  Nine players make up a team.

                • Japanese sentence

                  あなたがいなくなるととても寂しくなります。 

                  Sentence analysis
                  English translation

                  When you go, I'll miss you very much.