下さる

PopularJLPT-4

Pronunciation

The way this word is usually spoken.

The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

  • くださる kudasaru

Translation

Translation in English of the selected word.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

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  • honorific languageusually written using kana aloneGodan verb
    to give, to confer, to bestow
    • honorific languageusually written using kana alone
      to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor

      Kanji in this word

      Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

      Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

      • 3 strokes

        below, down, descend, give, low, inferior

      Verb conjugation

      A list with all the derivative forms for the verb, depending of the grammatical use and the degree of formality.

      Plain
      Present下さる - くださる (kudasaru) 
      Negative下さらない - くださらない (kudasaranai) 
      Past下さった - くださった (kudasatta) 
      Past negative下さらなかった - くださらなかった (kudasaranakatta) 
      Te form下さって - くださって (kudasatte) 
      Tai form下さりたい - くださりたい (kudasaritai) 
      Volitional下さろう - くださろう (kudasarou) 
      Imperative下さい - ください (kudasai) 
      Passive下さられる - くださられる (kudasarareru) 
      Conditional下さったら - くださったら (kudasattara) 
      Provisional conditional下されば - くだされば (kudasareba) 
      Causative下さらせる - くださらせる (kudasaraseru) 
      Potential下さり得る - くださりうる (kudasariuru) 
      Keigo (Polite)
      Present下さります - くださります (kudasarimasu) 
      Negative下さりません - くださりません (kudasarimasen) 
      Past下さりました - くださりました (kudasarimashita) 
      Past negative下さりませんでした - くださりませんでした (kudasarimasendeshita) 
      Te form下さりまして - くださりまして (kudasarimashite) 
      Tai form下さりたいです - くださりたいです (kudasaritaidesu) 
      Volitional下さりましょう - くださりましょう (kudasarimashou) 
      Imperative下さりませ - くださりませ (kudasarimase) 
      Passive下さられます - くださられます (kudasararemasu) 

      Example sentences

      Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

      We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

      • Japanese sentence

        もう一度言ってくださいますか。 

        Sentence analysis
        English translation

        Could you repeat that, please?