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Popular

Pronunciation

The way this word is usually spoken.

The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

  • もと moto

Translation

Translation in English of the selected word.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

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  • noun
    under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.)
      • often のもとに or のもとで
    • under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath
      • with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of)
          • in the form ...のもとに
        • (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
          • see also: 
          • usu. written 元

        Kanji in this word

        Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

        Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

        • 3 strokes

          below, down, descend, give, low, inferior

        Example sentences

        Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

        We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

        • Japanese sentence

          彼は神の導きのもとで働いた。 

          Sentence analysis
          English translation

          He worked under divine guidance.

        PopularJLPT-5

        Pronunciation

        The way this word is usually spoken.

        The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

        There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

        • した shita

        Translation

        Translation in English of the selected word.

        There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

        Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

        • noun
          below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter)
          • bottom
            • beneath, underneath
              • just after, right after
                  • as 下から, 下より, etc.
                • nounnoun taking the genitive case particle の
                  inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior)
                  • noun
                    trade-in
                    • see also: 
                  • noun (prefix)
                    preliminary, preparatory
                    • see also: 

                  Position expressions in Japanese

                  Location words in Japanese

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                  Position expressions in Japanese!

                  Kanji in this word

                  Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                  Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                  • 3 strokes

                    below, down, descend, give, low, inferior

                  Example sentences

                  Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                  We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

                  • Japanese sentence

                    私はダンテをミルトンのしたに置く。 

                    Sentence analysis
                    English translation

                    I put Milton after Dante.

                  • Japanese sentence

                    下に署名してください。 

                    Sentence analysis
                    English translation

                    Sign at the bottom, please.

                  • Japanese sentence

                    雨が私のレインコートの下までしみとおった。 

                    Sentence analysis
                    English translation

                    The rain penetrated my raincoat.

                  • Japanese sentence

                    「ところでよ、そのおめーのおとうさんはどこにいんのさ?」「横転したトラックの下なんよ。」 

                    Sentence analysis
                    English translation

                    "By the way, where's your old man?" "Under that over-turned truck."

                  JLPT-3

                  Pronunciation

                  The way this word is usually spoken.

                  The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

                  There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

                  • ge

                  Translation

                  Translation in English of the selected word.

                  There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                  Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                  • noun
                    lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority
                    • second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
                      • see also: 
                      • antonym: 

                    Kanji in this word

                    Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                    Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                    • 3 strokes

                      below, down, descend, give, low, inferior

                    JLPT-3

                    Pronunciation

                    The way this word is usually spoken.

                    The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

                    There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

                    • しも shimo

                    Translation

                    Translation in English of the selected word.

                    There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                    Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                    • noun
                      lower reaches (of a river)
                      • antonym: 
                    • bottom, lower part
                      • lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses
                        • end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan)
                          • noun taking the genitive case particle の
                            dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)

                            Kanji in this word

                            Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                            Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                            • 3 strokes

                              below, down, descend, give, low, inferior

                            JLPT-2

                            Pronunciation

                            The way this word is usually spoken.

                            The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

                            There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

                            • ka

                            Translation

                            Translation in English of the selected word.

                            There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                            Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                            • suffixnoun taking the genitive case particle の
                              under (being in said condition or environment)

                              Kanji in this word

                              Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                              Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                              • 3 strokes

                                below, down, descend, give, low, inferior