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Popular

Reading

Readings of the Japanese word.

The word is written in kanji with furigana over each character. There is also the transliteration written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and romaji using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer-generated audio that can be listened to by clicking on it.

Words having multiple readings will be ordered by popularity.

  • (もと)
    もと (moto)

Translation

Translation of the selected word to several languages.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

English is the main language for the translations, but some words will also be available in other languages: Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, or Swedish.

  • noun
    under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.)
      • often のもとに or のもとで
    • under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath
      • with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of)
          • in the form ...のもとに
        • (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
          • see also: 
          • usu. written 元
        • onder
          • bij
            • {…のもとに} met, door
              • Gebiet unter einer Sache, Gebiet um den unteren Teil einer Sache
                • Wurzeln (eines Baumes od. einer Pflanze)
                  • Seite, Nähe
                    • Einflussgebiet, Herrschaftsgebiet
                      • alatt, eredet, alap
                        • : {~に} под, K教授の下で研究する изучать под руководством профессора К, : {~に} у (кого-л.), с (кем-л. (напр. жить)
                          • bajo, debajo, detrás

                            Kanji in this word

                            Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                            Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                            • 3 strokes

                              below, down, descend, give, low, inferior

                            Example sentences

                            Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                            The Japanese sentence, the sentence analysis, and the English translation are always included. Using the sentence analysis is possible to learn how the sentence is constructed and every single word can be examined one by one.

                            In some cases translation to other languages can also be included. Quality of the translation may vary and it's included for reference only.

                            PopularJLPT-5

                            Reading

                            Readings of the Japanese word.

                            The word is written in kanji with furigana over each character. There is also the transliteration written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and romaji using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer-generated audio that can be listened to by clicking on it.

                            Words having multiple readings will be ordered by popularity.

                            • (した)
                              した (shita)

                            Translation

                            Translation of the selected word to several languages.

                            There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                            Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                            English is the main language for the translations, but some words will also be available in other languages: Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, or Swedish.

                            • noun
                              below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter)
                              • bottom
                                • beneath, underneath
                                  • just after, right after
                                      • as 下から, 下より, etc.
                                    • nounnoun taking the genitive case particle の
                                      inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior)
                                      • noun
                                        trade-in
                                        • see also: 
                                      • noun (prefix)
                                        preliminary, preparatory
                                        • see also: 
                                      • onder, eronder, hieronder, daaronder, onderaan, beneden, naar beneden, omlaag, {adv., loc.} beneden, {adv., loc.} omlaag, {adv., loc.} neer, {loc.} onder (aan), {m.b.t. trap enz.} voet
                                        • {m.b.t. leeftijd} jonger (dan), {m.b.t. studiejaren} lager, beneden {de achttien jaar enz.}
                                          • {attr.} ondergeschikte, {attr.} lagergeplaatste, {attr.} mindere, {i.h.b.} basis, {i.h.b.} achterban
                                            • {abl.} meteen (toen)
                                              • voorbereidend ~, voorafgaand ~, preliminair, voor-
                                                • sous, au-dessous, en dessous, en bas, benjamin
                                                  • bas, fond
                                                    • dessous, en dessous
                                                      • juste après, toute de suite après
                                                        • infériorité, son inférieur (c.-à-.d. quelqu'un de plus jeune que soi)
                                                          • reprise (d'un article pour en acheter un autre)
                                                            • préliminaire, préparatoire
                                                              • unten, am Boden, in der Tiefe, unten, nieder, tiefstehend, untergeben, untergeordnet, unterlegen, untere Position
                                                                • unten gelegener Platz
                                                                  • verdeckter Platz
                                                                    • Lage in der unteren Position
                                                                      • Unterteil, das Untere
                                                                        • das Niedrige, das Untergeordnete
                                                                          • Pfand
                                                                            • (als Präfix) Vor…, Vorbereitungs….
                                                                              • le, alá, lenn
                                                                                • внизу, находящийся внизу, нижний; находящийся под (чем-л.), низший; подчинённый, 1): {~に} внизу, {…の~に} под (чем-л.), {~から} снизу; из-под (чего-л.), {~へ} вниз; под{о} (что-л.), {~の} находящийся внизу, нижний; находящийся под (чем-л.), 2) (перен.:), {~の} низший; подчинённый, Kは私より二つ下です K моложе меня на два года, 3) (связ.:)
                                                                                  • pod, spodaj
                                                                                    • debajo

                                                                                      Position expressions in Japanese

                                                                                      Location words in Japanese

                                                                                      This image is clickable
                                                                                      Position expressions in Japanese!

                                                                                      Kanji in this word

                                                                                      Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                                                                      Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                                                                      • 3 strokes

                                                                                        below, down, descend, give, low, inferior

                                                                                      Example sentences

                                                                                      Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                                                                                      The Japanese sentence, the sentence analysis, and the English translation are always included. Using the sentence analysis is possible to learn how the sentence is constructed and every single word can be examined one by one.

                                                                                      In some cases translation to other languages can also be included. Quality of the translation may vary and it's included for reference only.

                                                                                      • Japanese sentence

                                                                                        私はダンテをミルトンのしたに置く。 

                                                                                        Sentence analysis
                                                                                        Translation
                                                                                      • Japanese sentence

                                                                                        下に署名してください。 

                                                                                        Sentence analysis
                                                                                        Translation

                                                                                        Sign at the bottom, please.

                                                                                        Signe en bas, s'il te plaît.

                                                                                        Írd alá az alján, kérlek!

                                                                                        Assine embaixo, por favor.

                                                                                        Распишитесь внизу, пожалуйста.

                                                                                        Firme abajo, por favor.


                                                                                        Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                      • Japanese sentence

                                                                                        雨が私のレインコートの下までしみとおった。 

                                                                                        Sentence analysis
                                                                                        Translation

                                                                                        The rain penetrated my raincoat.

                                                                                        La pluie a trempé mon imperméable.

                                                                                        Der Regen durchnässte meinen Regenmantel.


                                                                                        Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                      • Japanese sentence

                                                                                        「ところでよ、そのおめーのおとうさんはどこにいんのさ?」「横転したトラックの下なんよ。」 

                                                                                        Sentence analysis
                                                                                        Translation

                                                                                        "By the way, where's your old man?" "Under that over-turned truck."


                                                                                        Open in tatoeba.org

                                                                                      JLPT-2

                                                                                      Reading

                                                                                      Readings of the Japanese word.

                                                                                      The word is written in kanji with furigana over each character. There is also the transliteration written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and romaji using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer-generated audio that can be listened to by clicking on it.

                                                                                      Words having multiple readings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                                                      • ()
                                                                                        か (ka)

                                                                                      Translation

                                                                                      Translation of the selected word to several languages.

                                                                                      There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                                                      Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                                                                                      English is the main language for the translations, but some words will also be available in other languages: Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, or Swedish.

                                                                                      • suffixnoun taking the genitive case particle の
                                                                                        under (being in said condition or environment)
                                                                                        • onder {iemands leiding enz.}, onder {die en die omstandigheden enz.}
                                                                                          • sous (étant dans ledit état ou environnement)

                                                                                            Kanji in this word

                                                                                            Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                                                                            Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                                                                            • 3 strokes

                                                                                              below, down, descend, give, low, inferior

                                                                                            JLPT-3

                                                                                            Reading

                                                                                            Readings of the Japanese word.

                                                                                            The word is written in kanji with furigana over each character. There is also the transliteration written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and romaji using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer-generated audio that can be listened to by clicking on it.

                                                                                            Words having multiple readings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                                                            • ()
                                                                                              げ (ge)

                                                                                            Translation

                                                                                            Translation of the selected word to several languages.

                                                                                            There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                                                            Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                                                                                            English is the main language for the translations, but some words will also be available in other languages: Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, or Swedish.

                                                                                            • noun
                                                                                              lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority
                                                                                              • second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
                                                                                                • see also: 
                                                                                                • antonym: 
                                                                                              • lagere klasse, lagere stand, lagere graad, ondergeschiktheid
                                                                                                • minderwaardigheid, inferioriteit
                                                                                                  • laatste volume, deel, band (van een boek), {i.h.b.} tweede band, volume van een tweedelig boek
                                                                                                    • faiblesse, bassesse, infériorité
                                                                                                      • second volume (de deux), troisième volume (de trois)
                                                                                                        • Unterster, Letzter, Minderwertigkeit
                                                                                                          • zweiter Band (von zwei Bänden), dritter Band (von drei Bänden)
                                                                                                            • 1) низший разряд (класс); худшее, 2) 2-й том (если всего два), 3-й том (если всего три)
                                                                                                              • spodaj

                                                                                                                Kanji in this word

                                                                                                                Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                                                                                                Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                                                                                                • 3 strokes

                                                                                                                  below, down, descend, give, low, inferior

                                                                                                                JLPT-3

                                                                                                                Reading

                                                                                                                Readings of the Japanese word.

                                                                                                                The word is written in kanji with furigana over each character. There is also the transliteration written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and romaji using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer-generated audio that can be listened to by clicking on it.

                                                                                                                Words having multiple readings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                                                                                • (しも)
                                                                                                                  しも (shimo)

                                                                                                                Translation

                                                                                                                Translation of the selected word to several languages.

                                                                                                                There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                                                                                Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                                                                                                                English is the main language for the translations, but some words will also be available in other languages: Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, or Swedish.

                                                                                                                • noun
                                                                                                                  lower reaches (of a river)
                                                                                                                  • antonym: 
                                                                                                                • bottom, lower part
                                                                                                                  • lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses
                                                                                                                    • end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan)
                                                                                                                      • noun taking the genitive case particle の
                                                                                                                        dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
                                                                                                                        • benedenloop (van een rivier), {loc.} stroomafwaarts, {i.h.b.} lager aan de rivier
                                                                                                                          • tweede, laatste helft, {m.b.t. tanka} laatste, tweede vershelft, laatste twee versregels
                                                                                                                            • lager deel, ondergedeelte, onderstuk
                                                                                                                              • onderbuik, schaamstreek, {i.h.b.} schaamdelen, {i.h.b.} geslachtsdelen, {i.h.b.} geslachtsorganen, {i.h.b.} edele delen, {i.h.b.} genitaliën, onderlijf, onderlichaam, {form.} abdomen, anogenitale regio, {meton.} kleine en grote boodschap, {euf.} natuurlijke behoeften
                                                                                                                                • mindere zitplaats, plaats onder aan de tafel
                                                                                                                                  • ondergeschikte, mindere, lagere in rang, onderdaan
                                                                                                                                    • {m.b.t. Kioto} Shimogyō
                                                                                                                                      • {ton., theat.} linkerkant van het toneel (gezien vanuit de zaal), jardin
                                                                                                                                        • aval (d'un cours d'eau)
                                                                                                                                          • bas, partie inférieure
                                                                                                                                            • moitié inférieure (du corps, en part. les parties intimes), fèces, excréments, urine, règles (de la menstruation), menstrues
                                                                                                                                              • fin, loin du palais impérial (c.-à-d. loin de Kyoto, en part. de l'ouest du Japon)
                                                                                                                                                • cochon (par ex. pour une blague)
                                                                                                                                                  • unterer Teil, Fuß
                                                                                                                                                    • Unterlauf eines Flusses
                                                                                                                                                      • hinterer Teil eines Ausdruckes
                                                                                                                                                        • unterer Teil einer Serie
                                                                                                                                                          • Vasallen und Volk
                                                                                                                                                            • Arbeitnehmer, Beschäftigter
                                                                                                                                                              • unten gelegener Ort
                                                                                                                                                                • Körper hüftabwärts (und was damit zu tun hat)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Exkremente
                                                                                                                                                                    • zweiter Teil
                                                                                                                                                                      • alacsonyabb
                                                                                                                                                                        • нижний; нижеследующий, 1) низ, {~の} нижний; нижеследующий, {~に} внизу; ниже, 2) низовье, нижнее течение, 3) низы; подчинённые; низшие, 4) нижняя половина тела, 5) уборная, 6) менструация
                                                                                                                                                                          • druga polovica, spodnji del
                                                                                                                                                                            • bajo, debajo, detrás

                                                                                                                                                                              Kanji in this word

                                                                                                                                                                              Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                                                                                                                                                              Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                                                                                                                                                              • 3 strokes

                                                                                                                                                                                below, down, descend, give, low, inferior