PopularJLPT-5

Pronunciation

The way this word is usually spoken.

The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

  • うえ ue

Translation

Translation in English of the selected word.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

  • nounnoun taking the genitive case particle のadverbial nounnoun (suffix)
    above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter)
    • top, summit
      • surface, on
        • before, previous
          • superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder)
            • on top of that, besides, what's more
              • upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after)
                • matters concerning..., as concerns ...
                  • since (i.e. "for that reason")
                      • as ...上は
                    • honorific languagenoun (suffix)
                      suffix indicating higher social standing
                      • see also: 
                    • archaism
                      place of one's superior (i.e. the throne)
                      • archaism
                        emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo
                        • archaism
                          noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)

                          Position expressions in Japanese

                          Location words in Japanese

                          This image is clickable
                          Position expressions in Japanese!

                          Kanji in this word

                          Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                          Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                          • 3 strokes

                            above, up

                          Example sentences

                          Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                          We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

                          • Japanese sentence

                            彼らは合意の上で敏速な行動をとった。 

                            Sentence analysis
                            English translation

                            They acted immediately by agreement.

                          • Japanese sentence

                            机の上にペンが何本ありますか。 

                            Sentence analysis
                            English translation

                            Are there any pens on the desk?

                          • Japanese sentence

                            寒かったうえに、風が強かった。 

                            Sentence analysis
                            English translation

                            It was cold, and, in addition, it was windy.

                          • Japanese sentence

                            この踏台を使えばクローゼットの上に手が届くよ。 

                            Sentence analysis
                            English translation

                            If you stand on this stool, you can reach the top of the closet.

                          • Japanese sentence

                            お席の上の棚の中に入っております。 

                            Sentence analysis
                            English translation

                            It's in the overhead compartment.

                          PopularJLPT-3

                          Pronunciation

                          The way this word is usually spoken.

                          The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

                          There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

                          • かみ kami

                          Translation

                          Translation in English of the selected word.

                          There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                          Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                          • noun
                            upper reaches (of a river), upper stream
                            • antonym: 
                          • top, upper part, upper half (of the body)
                            • long ago
                              • beginning, first
                                • honorific language
                                  person of high rank (e.g. the emperor)
                                  • see also: 
                                • government, imperial court
                                  • imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace
                                    • see also: 
                                  • head (of a table)
                                    • honorific language
                                      wife, mistress (of a restaurant)

                                      Kanji in this word

                                      Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                      Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                      • 3 strokes

                                        above, up

                                      PopularJLPT-3

                                      Pronunciation

                                      The way this word is usually spoken.

                                      The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

                                      There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

                                      • じょう jou

                                      Translation

                                      Translation in English of the selected word.

                                      There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                                      Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                                      • noun (suffix)
                                        from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of
                                        • aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above
                                          • noun
                                            first volume (e.g. book)
                                            • see also: 
                                          • nounprefix
                                            superior quality, best, top, high class
                                            • going up
                                              • governmental, imperial
                                                • presenting, showing
                                                  • prefix
                                                    ana- (medical, biol.)

                                                    Kanji in this word

                                                    Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                                    Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                                    • 3 strokes

                                                      above, up

                                                    Example sentences

                                                    Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                                                    We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

                                                    • Japanese sentence

                                                      会社は税金上の目的で本社所在地を香港に移した。 

                                                      Sentence analysis
                                                      English translation

                                                      The company moved its corporate domicile to Hong Kong for tax purposes.

                                                    • Japanese sentence

                                                      あなたには禍の前兆である壁上の書きものが読めるかもしれないが、私にはちんぷんかんぷんだ。 

                                                      Sentence analysis
                                                      English translation

                                                      You may be able to read the handwriting on the wall, but it is Greek to me.

                                                    JLPT-2

                                                    Pronunciation

                                                    The way this word is usually spoken.

                                                    The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

                                                    There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

                                                    • うわ uwa

                                                    Translation

                                                    Translation in English of the selected word.

                                                    There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                    Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                                                    • nounprefix
                                                      upper, upward, outer, surface, top

                                                      Kanji in this word

                                                      Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                                      Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                                      • 3 strokes

                                                        above, up