PopularJLPT-5

Reading

Readings of the Japanese word.

The word is written in kanji with furigana over each character. There is also the transliteration written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and romaji using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer-generated audio that can be listened to by clicking on it.

Words having multiple readings will be ordered by popularity.

  • (うえ)
    うえ (ue)

Translation

Translation of the selected word to several languages.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

English is the main language for the translations, but some words will also be available in other languages: Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, or Swedish.

  • nounnoun taking the genitive case particle のadverbial nounnoun (suffix)
    above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter)
    • noun
      top, summit, head (e.g. of a staircase)
      • surface
        • nounnoun taking the genitive case particle のadverbial noun
          before, previous
          • nounnoun taking the genitive case particle の
            superiority, one's superior, one's elder
            • adverbial noun
              on top of that, besides, what's more, not only ... but
                • following a verb or adjective
              • upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after)
                  • following a verb or noun
                • matters concerning ..., as concerns ...
                  • since (i.e. "for that reason")
                      • as ~上は
                    • honorific languagenoun (suffix)
                      honorable, venerable
                      • see also: 
                      • suffix indicating higher social standing than the speaker
                    • archaism
                      place of one's superior (e.g. the throne)
                      • archaism
                        emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo
                        • archaism
                          noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
                          • naar omhoog, naar boven, hemelwaarts, in de hoogte, opwaarts, in stijgende lijn
                            • bovenop, daarboven, bovenaan, aan, op de top
                              • hierboven, in het bovenstaande, hoger, eerder, supra
                                • boven het hoofd, in de lucht, boven-, opper-, hoger, supra-
                                  • bovenste gedeelte, bovenkant, bovendeel
                                    • gebied boven iets
                                      • top van een berg, bovenverdieping van een huis
                                        • superioriteit, summum, het beter zijn in iets, het meer getalenteerd zijn in iets, het meer begaafd zijn in iets, het kundiger zijn in iets, autoriteit
                                          • superieure positie, hoge(re) rang, betere stand, betere maatschappelijke positie
                                            • keizer, vorst, soeverein
                                              • hoger
                                                • in leeftijd ouder
                                                  • superieur, hoger in rang, hoger qua maatschappelijke positie
                                                    • goed, beter, kundig(er), begaafd(er), (meer) getalenteerd, bekwaam, bedreven, capabel
                                                      • bovenop, als klap op de vuurpijl, op de koop toe, behalve
                                                        • na, achter, als resultaat van, ten gevolge van, als uitkomst van
                                                          • wat betreft
                                                            • nu dat, nadat
                                                              • aangezien
                                                                • sur, au-dessus, en haut, aîné (par ex. fille)
                                                                  • haut, sommet, cime
                                                                    • place d'un supérieur (par ex. le trône)
                                                                      • empereur, souverain, shogun, daimyo
                                                                        • femme noble (en particulier l'épouse d'un noble)
                                                                          • surface (face supérieure), dessus
                                                                            • en avance, devant, précédent, antérieur
                                                                              • supériorité, son supérieur (c.-à-d. son aîné)
                                                                                • de plus, en outre, par ailleurs
                                                                                  • sur la base (d'une inspection plus poussée, etc.), basé sur (et se produisant après)
                                                                                    • en ce qui concerne...
                                                                                      • puisque
                                                                                        • suffixe marquant un statut social plus élevé
                                                                                          • höher, ober, über, jenseits, oben, Ue, oben, auf, über
                                                                                            • höhere Position, höherer Rang
                                                                                              • oberer Teil, Spitze
                                                                                                • Oberseite, obere Seite, Oberfläche
                                                                                                  • Gipfel, Kopf
                                                                                                    • außerdem, auch noch, darüber hinaus
                                                                                                      • a fentiekben, előbb említett, fent említett, fent, fentebb, fenti, fölé, több mint, -ig, fel vmire, felfelé haladó, felfelé menő, felfelé, fenn vmin, fenn, közelbe, oda, vmivel szemben, csúcs, csúcspont, orom, tetőpont, felszín, felület, külszín, látszat, takaró, terep, terület, emellett, felséges, független, uralkodói, főnök, magasabb, drágám
                                                                                                        • а) находящийся наверху (выше); верхний; б) вышеупомянутый, вышеуказанный, высший; лучший; старший, вверху наверху; выше, 1, 1):, {~に} вверху наверху; выше, {~から} сверху, {~へ} вверх, наверх, {~の} а) находящийся наверху (выше); верхний; б) вышеупомянутый, вышеуказанный, 2): {~の} высший; лучший; старший, 2, 1): {…の~} на (чём-л.); над (чем-л.), 2): {…の~} после (чего-л.), 3): {…の~} с точки зрения, в отношении (чего-л.), 4) (после гл.) сверх, вдобавок, кроме того, 5) (после гл.) поскольку, раз
                                                                                                          • na, nad, zgoraj, zgornji del {nečesa}
                                                                                                            • encima, arriba

                                                                                                              Position expressions in Japanese

                                                                                                              Location words in Japanese

                                                                                                              This image is clickable
                                                                                                              Position expressions in Japanese!

                                                                                                              Kanji in this word

                                                                                                              Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                                                                                              Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                                                                                              • 3 strokes

                                                                                                                above, up

                                                                                                              Example sentences

                                                                                                              Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                                                                                                              The Japanese sentence, the sentence analysis, and the English translation are always included. Using the sentence analysis is possible to learn how the sentence is constructed and every single word can be examined one by one.

                                                                                                              In some cases translation to other languages can also be included. Quality of the translation may vary and it's included for reference only.

                                                                                                              • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                                彼らは合意の上で敏速な行動をとった。 

                                                                                                                Sentence analysis
                                                                                                                Translation

                                                                                                                They acted immediately by agreement.

                                                                                                                Они немедленно пришли к соглашению.


                                                                                                                Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                                              • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                                机の上にペンが何本ありますか。 

                                                                                                                Sentence analysis
                                                                                                                Translation

                                                                                                                Are there any pens on the desk?

                                                                                                                Есть ли на столе какие-нибудь ручки?

                                                                                                                ¿Hay bolígrafos sobre el escritorio?


                                                                                                                Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                                              • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                                寒かったうえに、風が強かった。 

                                                                                                                Sentence analysis
                                                                                                                Translation

                                                                                                                It was cold, and, in addition, it was windy.

                                                                                                                Il faisait froid, et en plus il y avait du vent.

                                                                                                                Es war kalt, und darüber hinaus war es windig.

                                                                                                                Было холодно и вдобавок ветрено.

                                                                                                                Además de hacer frío, el viento era fuerte.


                                                                                                                Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                                              • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                                この踏台を使えばクローゼットの上に手が届くよ。 

                                                                                                                Sentence analysis
                                                                                                                Translation

                                                                                                                If you stand on this stool, you can reach the top of the closet.

                                                                                                                Si tu veux atteindre le placard du haut tu dois monter sur un tabouret.

                                                                                                                Wenn du auf diesen Hocker steigst, kannst du auf den Schrank fassen.

                                                                                                                Se você subir nesse banquinho você pode alcançar o topo do armário.

                                                                                                                Si te levantas sobre este taburete, puedes alcanzar lo alto del armario.


                                                                                                                Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                                              • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                                お席の上の棚の中に入っております。 

                                                                                                                Sentence analysis
                                                                                                                Translation

                                                                                                                It's in the overhead compartment.


                                                                                                                Open in tatoeba.org

                                                                                                              PopularJLPT-3

                                                                                                              Reading

                                                                                                              Readings of the Japanese word.

                                                                                                              The word is written in kanji with furigana over each character. There is also the transliteration written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and romaji using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer-generated audio that can be listened to by clicking on it.

                                                                                                              Words having multiple readings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                                                                              • (かみ)
                                                                                                                かみ (kami)

                                                                                                              Translation

                                                                                                              Translation of the selected word to several languages.

                                                                                                              There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                                                                              Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                                                                                                              English is the main language for the translations, but some words will also be available in other languages: Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, or Swedish.

                                                                                                              • noun
                                                                                                                upper reaches (of a river), upper stream
                                                                                                                • antonym: 
                                                                                                              • top, upper part, upper half (of the body)
                                                                                                                • long ago
                                                                                                                  • beginning, first
                                                                                                                    • honorific language
                                                                                                                      person of high rank (e.g. the emperor)
                                                                                                                      • see also: 
                                                                                                                    • government, imperial court
                                                                                                                      • imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace
                                                                                                                        • see also: 
                                                                                                                      • head (of a table)
                                                                                                                        • honorific language
                                                                                                                          wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
                                                                                                                          • top, bovenste gedeelte
                                                                                                                            • begin
                                                                                                                              • stroomopwaarts
                                                                                                                                • opperste, zijne, hare majesteit
                                                                                                                                  • regering, autoriteiten
                                                                                                                                    • amont (rivière)
                                                                                                                                      • haut, partie supérieure, moitié supérieure (du corps)
                                                                                                                                        • jadis, il y a longtemps
                                                                                                                                          • début, commencement, premier
                                                                                                                                            • personne de haut rang (par ex. l'empereur)
                                                                                                                                              • gouvernement, cour impériale
                                                                                                                                                • capitale impériale (c.-à-d. Kyoto), région de la capitale (c.à-d. le Kansai), région (ou direction) du palais impérial
                                                                                                                                                  • extrémité (d'une table)
                                                                                                                                                    • femme, maîtresse (d'un restaurant)
                                                                                                                                                      • der obere Teil, das Obere, das Oben
                                                                                                                                                        • Oberlauf
                                                                                                                                                          • Obrigkeit, Regierung, Behörde
                                                                                                                                                            • csúcs, felső rész, felszín, játékcsiga, legmagasabb pont, legnagyobb fokú, maximális, orom, pörgettyű, cím, eleje vminek, előrehaladás, ész, fejezet, fő, földnyelv, főnök, hajó előrésze, hajó orra, igazgató, kalász, vezető, a fentiek
                                                                                                                                                              • 1) верх, верхняя часть; верхушка, {~の} верхний, {~に} наверху, (ср.) かみのく, 2) верхнее течение, 3) верхняя половина тела, 4) (связ.) предыдущая часть текста, 5) (перен.) верхи, власти; высшее начальство; правительство; император, (ср.) おかみ【お上】
                                                                                                                                                                • vrh, glava, zgornji del

                                                                                                                                                                  Kanji in this word

                                                                                                                                                                  Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                                                                                                                                                  Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                                                                                                                                                  • 3 strokes

                                                                                                                                                                    above, up

                                                                                                                                                                  PopularJLPT-3

                                                                                                                                                                  Reading

                                                                                                                                                                  Readings of the Japanese word.

                                                                                                                                                                  The word is written in kanji with furigana over each character. There is also the transliteration written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and romaji using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer-generated audio that can be listened to by clicking on it.

                                                                                                                                                                  Words having multiple readings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                                                                                                                                  • (じょう)
                                                                                                                                                                    じょう (jou)

                                                                                                                                                                  Translation

                                                                                                                                                                  Translation of the selected word to several languages.

                                                                                                                                                                  There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                                                                                                                                  Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                                                                                                                                                                  English is the main language for the translations, but some words will also be available in other languages: Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, or Swedish.

                                                                                                                                                                  • noun (suffix)
                                                                                                                                                                    from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of
                                                                                                                                                                    • aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above
                                                                                                                                                                      • noun
                                                                                                                                                                        first volume (e.g. book)
                                                                                                                                                                        • see also: 
                                                                                                                                                                      • nounprefix
                                                                                                                                                                        superior quality, best, top, high class
                                                                                                                                                                        • going up
                                                                                                                                                                          • governmental, imperial
                                                                                                                                                                            • presenting, showing
                                                                                                                                                                              • prefix
                                                                                                                                                                                ana- (medical, biol.)
                                                                                                                                                                                • topkwaliteit, eerste soort
                                                                                                                                                                                  • eerste boekdeel, volume I
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Z.M. de Keizer
                                                                                                                                                                                      • met hartelijke groet, met de complimenten (van), graag aangeboden (door) {opschrift op verpakking van geschenk}
                                                                                                                                                                                        • eersteklas, eersterangs, puikbest, piekfijn, pico bello, uitstekend, superieur
                                                                                                                                                                                          • qua …, -(i)eel, -isch gezien, uit … oogpunt, als je naar … kijkt, in … opzicht, in het licht van …, … gezien, -halve, betreffende, met betrekking tot …, wat … aangaat, op het stuk van …, wanneer het … betreft, aangaande …, inzake …, … gesproken
                                                                                                                                                                                            • du point de vue, en ce qui concerne, dans le domaine de, étant du type de
                                                                                                                                                                                              • à bord (d'un navire ou d'un véhicule), au sommet de, sur, au dessus
                                                                                                                                                                                                • premier tome, premier volume
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • qualité supérieure, meilleur, première qualité, haut de gamme
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • montant
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • gouvernemental, impérial
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • présentant, montrant
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ana- (médical, biologique)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ausgezeichnet, best, feinst, erst, vorangegangen, alt
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • erster Band
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • felső, felszín, legelső, legfelső, legjobb, legnagyobb fokú, maximális, pörgettyű
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • (суф.) с точки зрения…; в отношении…; в области…, 1): {~{の}} верхний; высший; лучший, 2) первый том, первая часть (из двух или трёх), 3) (пишется на обёртке подарка, означает преподношу); (ср.) …じょう【…上】
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • gornji, višji

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Kanji in this word

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3 strokes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        above, up

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Example sentences

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The Japanese sentence, the sentence analysis, and the English translation are always included. Using the sentence analysis is possible to learn how the sentence is constructed and every single word can be examined one by one.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In some cases translation to other languages can also be included. Quality of the translation may vary and it's included for reference only.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        会社は税金上の目的で本社所在地を香港に移した。 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Sentence analysis
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Translation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The company moved its corporate domicile to Hong Kong for tax purposes.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Die Firma hat die Konzernzentrale aus steuerlichen Gründen nach Hongkong verlegt.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        La empresa trasladó su domicilio empresarial a Hong Kong con fines tributarios.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Open in tatoeba.org
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Japanese sentence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        あなたには禍の前兆である壁上の書きものが読めるかもしれないが、私にはちんぷんかんぷんだ。 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Sentence analysis
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Translation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        You may be able to read the handwriting on the wall, but it is Greek to me.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Tu peux peut-être lire ce qu'il y a écrit sur le mur, mais pour moi, c'est de l'hébreu.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Talvez você consiga ler o que está escrito na parede, mas para mim isso aí é grego.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Quizá puedas leer lo que está escrito en la pared, pero para mí está en chino.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Open in tatoeba.org

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      JLPT-2

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Reading

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Readings of the Japanese word.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The word is written in kanji with furigana over each character. There is also the transliteration written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and romaji using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer-generated audio that can be listened to by clicking on it.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Words having multiple readings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (うわ)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        うわ (uwa)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Translation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Translation of the selected word to several languages.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Some translations may have tags associated giving miscellaneous information (grammatical, way of writing, ...). There may also be links to similar or antonym words.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      English is the main language for the translations, but some words will also be available in other languages: Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, or Swedish.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • nounprefix
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        upper, upward, outer, surface, top
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • boven-, hoogste, bovenste
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • au dessus, plus élevé, supérieur, ascendant, extérieur, surface, dessus, haut
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • felső, legfelső, felfelé irányuló, felszín, első, legjobb, tető, vezér
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (связ.:) 上の空 (см.) うわのそら
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • superior, hacia arriba, encima, exterior, externo, superficie, parte de arriba

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Kanji in this word

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Analysis of the kanji ideograms forming the word.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Clicking on the kanji will get you to the kanji information page, with more information like the onyomi and kunyomi, or the order on how to write it.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 3 strokes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    above, up