カタカナ

popularJLPT N5usually written using kana alonenounnoun (generic)

Tags

popular
Words commonly used in modern Japanese #popular
JLPT N5
JLPT N5 words: Basic Level #jlpt5
usually written using kana alone
Words and expressions which are always written using hiragana or katakana. #uk
noun
noun (common) (futsuumeishi) #n
noun (generic)
All kinds of Japanese nouns #noun

Reading

Meaning

    • katakana {hoekig Japans lettergrepenschrift}
      • katakana, syllabaire japonais utilisé principalement pour les mots empruntés
        • Katakana (eine der beiden japan. Silbenschriften)
                • катакана ((один из двух шрифтов яп. слоговой азбуки; обязателен в телеграммах и для написания заимствованных слов; ср.) ひらがな)
                  • katakana
                    • katakana

                        Katakana table

                        Table of katakana letters

                        Katakana is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji and in some cases the Latin script (known as romaji). The word katakana means "fragmentary kana", as the katakana characters are derived from components of more complex kanji. Katakana and hiragana are both kana systems. With one or two minor exceptions, each syllable in the Japanese language is represented by one character, or kana, in each system.Each kana is either a vowel such as "a" (katakana ア); a consonant followed by a vowel such as ka (katakana カ); or n (katakana ン), a nasal sonorant which, depending on the context, sounds either like English m, n, or ng ([ŋ]), or like the nasal vowels of Spanish and/or Portuguese.

                        In contrast to the hiragana syllabary, which is used for those Japanese language words and grammatical inflections which kanji does not cover, the katakana syllabary usage is quite similar to italics in English; specifically, it is used for transcription of foreign language words into Japanese and the writing of loan words (collectively gairaigo); for emphasis; to represent onomatopoeia; for technical and scientific terms; and for names of plants, animals, minerals, and often Japanese companies.

                        Katakana are characterized by short, straight strokes and sharp corners, and are the simplest of the Japanese scripts.

                        This table will help you study Katakana.

                        Monographs (gojūon)

                        Diacritics (gojūon with dakuten)

                        Digraphs (yōon)

                        キャ
                        kya

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                        キュ
                        kyu

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                        キョ
                        kyo

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                        シャ
                        sha

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                        シュ
                        shu

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                        ショ
                        sho

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                        チャ
                        cha

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                        チュ
                        chu

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                        チョ
                        cho

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                        ニャ
                        nya

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                        ニュ
                        nyu

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                        ニョ
                        nyo

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                        ヒャ
                        hya

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                        ヒュ
                        hyu

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                        ヒョ
                        hyo

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                        ミャ
                        mya

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                        ミュ
                        myu

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                        ミョ
                        myo

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                        リャ
                        rya

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                        リュ
                        ryu

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                        リョ
                        ryo

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                        Digraphs with diacritics (yōon with dakuten)

                        ギャ
                        gya

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                        ギュ
                        gyu

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                        ギョ
                        gyo

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                        ジャ
                        ja

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                        ジュ
                        ju

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                        ジョ
                        jo

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                        ビャ
                        bya

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                        ビュ
                        byu

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                        ビョ
                        byo

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                        ピャ
                        pya

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                        ピュ
                        pyu

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                        ピョ
                        pyo

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                        Extended kana

                        ウィ
                        wi

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                        ウェ
                        we

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                        ウォ
                        wo

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                        ティ
                        ti

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                        ファ
                        fa

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                        フィ
                        fi

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                        フェ
                        fe

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                        フォ
                        fo

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                        ディ
                        di

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                        ドゥ
                        du

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                        ヴァ
                        va

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                        ヴィ
                        vi

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                        vu

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                        ヴェ
                        ve

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                        ヴォ
                        vo

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                        This page uses material from the Wikipedia article Katakana, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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                        Extended information

                        • JMDict ID: 1511600
                        • JMdictDB entry
                        • Short URL: https://jpdct.com/FxCw
                        • Appears in the "wordfreq" file compiled by Alexandre Girardi (see wordfreq.README) on the last 12.000 words.
                        • Appears in the "Ichimango goi bunruishuu", Senmon Kyouiku Publishing, Tokyo, 1998.
                        • Frequency-of-use ranking in the wordfreq file: 32