きつい

PopularJLPT-3

Pronunciation

The way this word is usually spoken.

The word is written in kana (hiragana or katakana) and the romaji transliteration using the Hepburn method. Some words indicated by the symbol have a computer generated audio that can be listened by clicking on it.

There are words having multiple different pronunciations. In that case they will be ordered by popularity.

  • きつい kitsui
  • キツい kitsui

Translation

Translation in English of the selected word.

There are cases where a word may have different meanings. In that case all the meanings will be ordered by popularity.

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  • い adjective
    tough, hard, severe, demanding, harsh
      • sometimes written 緊い
    • determined, strong-minded, forceful, formidable, fierce
      • strong (e.g. sunlight, alcohol), severe, intense
        • (too) tight, constricting, close
          • extreme, unusually strong

            Adjective declension

            A list with all the derivative forms for the Adjective, depending of the grammatical use and the degree of formality.

            Plain
            Presentきつい - きつい (kitsui) 
            Negativeきつくない - きつくない (kitsukunai) 
            Pastきつかった - きつかった (kitsukatta) 
            Past negativeきつくなかった - きつくなかった (kitsukunakatta) 
            Te formきつくて - きつくて (kitsukute) 
            Adverbialきつく - きつく (kitsuku) 
            Polite
            Presentきついです - きついです (kitsuidesu) 
            Negativeきつくありません - きつくありません (kitsukuarimasen) 
            Pastきつかったです - きつかったです (kitsukattadesu) 
            Past negativeきつくありませんでした - きつくありませんでした (kitsukuarimasendeshita) 

            Example sentences

            Sentences from the Tatoeba Corpus project using the word in context.

            We include the Japanese sentence as is, the English translation and a word-to-word clickable sentence analysis to make it easier to study it.

            • Japanese sentence

              トムは頭にきつい一発を受けた。 

              Sentence analysis
              English translation

              Tom received a heavy blow on the head.

            • Japanese sentence

              ちょっとウエストがきついね。 

              Sentence analysis
              English translation

              The waist is a little small.

            • Japanese sentence

              フーッ、この坂道はきついよ。でも帰りは楽だよね。 

              Sentence analysis
              English translation

              Whew! This is a tough hill. But coming back sure will be a breeze.